Presidential Term Limits: A Crumbling Norm
With his referendum on expanding presidential powers, Turkey's Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is following in the footsteps of some two dozen other presidents who have changed or ignored constitutional rules to extend their time in office.
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Turkish citizens prepare to vote in a plebiscite that could formalize a dictatorship.
Turkey’s paramount leader is moving from the premiership to the presidency amid talk of constitutional change, but his divisive and autocratic governance style will remain the same.
Ten years ago, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) scored an overwhelming victory in elections for the Turkish parliament. Its triumph represented much more than a normal rotation of power between one traditional party and another. As a party—or, perhaps more accurately, a movement—with roots in moderate Islamism, the AKP stood poles apart from the secularist parties that had dominated Turkish politics for much of the previous century.