Egypt | Page 21 | Freedom House


82 million people
2,600 USD GNI (PPP)
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A draft law under consideration by Egypt’s interim president, Adly Mansour, would ban public protests that lacked advance permission from police, and give senior security and government officials the power to postpone or cancel demonstrations and protests, as well as impose "protest-free zones" at government buildings. Freedom House condemns this measure as an unwarranted infringement on freedoms of expression and association, without which true democracy is impossible.

Freedom House welcomes the announcement Wednesday, October 9th that the U.S. government is cutting off some aid to the Egyptian government, and urges the U.S. government not to resume this aid, and to consider limiting government-to-government assistance further, until the Egyptian military takes irreversible steps to return Egypt to a democratically-elected civilian government and address its intensifying human rights abuses.

Egypt has failed to show democratic progress in any aspect of its political transition for the third consecutive month since the July 3 coup, according to the latest edition of Freedom House’s Egypt Democracy Compass.

Freedom House is seriously concerned by a September 23 Egyptian court ruling that banned activities of the Muslim Brotherhood. The ruling, which can be appealed and which the government has not yet implemented, ordered the seizure of the assets of the Brotherhood’s network of charitable activities and social services, which was registered as a non-governmental organization, effectively shutting it down. 


Signature Reports

Special Reports

Egypt Democracy Compass

The Egypt Democracy Compass is designed to provide a snapshot of the country’s trajectory, either toward or further away from a truly democratic system, on a monthly basis. The compass will assess progress in eight key components of  democratic transition: the constitution, elections, political participation, civilian control and security-sector reform, media freedom and freedom of expression, religious freedom, peaceful assembly and civic activism, and judicial independence and rule of law.

Policing Belief: The Impact of Blasphemy Laws on Human Rights

Policing Belief: The Impact of Blasphemy Laws on Human Rights examines the human rights implications of domestic blasphemy and religious insult laws using the case studies of seven countries—Algeria, Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Poland—where such laws exist both on paper and in practice. Without exception, blasphemy laws violate the fundamentalfreedom of expression, as they are by definition intended to protect religious institutions and religious doctrine– i.e., abstract ideas and concepts – from insult or offence. At their most benign, such laws lead to self-censorship.  In Greece and Poland, two of the more democratic countries examined in the study, charges brought against high-profile artists, curators and writers serve as a warning to others that certain topics are off limits. At their worst, in countries such as Pakistan and Malaysia, such laws lead to overt governmental censorship and individuals are both prosecuted and subject to severe criminal penalties including lengthy jail sentences.


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