Pakistan

180 million people
1,120 USD GNI (PPP)
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Partly Free

News & Updates

The Pakistani government’s efforts to increase internet censorship have reached worrying heights with the release of a request for proposals to build a system capable of blocking millions of URLs, according to Freedom House.

In its International Religious Freedom Report issued on September 13, the U.S. State Department failed to designate Pakistan as a Country of Particular Concern (CPC) despite the significant deterioration of religious freedom in the country. Iran, China Saudi Arabia, Burma, Eritrea, North Korea, Sudan and Uzbekistan were noted in the report as having governments that “engage in or tolerate ‘particularly severe violations’ of religious freedom, where the abuses are “egregious, ongoing, and systematic.” In a May 2011 letter, Freedom House joined other human rights groups in calling on the State Department to designate Pakistan a CPC given the pervasive violence against religious minorities and the impunity that is enjoyed by militant groups. The State Department’s decision to leave Pakistan off the list sends the wrong signal to those that espouse religious intolerance and undermines the message that the Pakistani authorities are obligated to protect their citizens and uphold the rule of law.

Shabaz Taseer, the son of a Pakistani governor killed for criticizing blasphemy laws was abducted by gunmen on Friday, August 26. His father Salman Taseer, the governor of Punjab and member in the Pakistan People’s Party, was murdered by his bodyguard in January 2011 after speaking against blasphemy laws. Shabaz was reportedly kidnapped and forced into a car. His whereabouts are unknown and there is no clear motive, although his family suspects extremists are behind the kidnapping after receiving threats. Shabaz is the owner of a number of companies including Media Times Ltd, and his sister is a journalist who has spoken publicly against extremism. Extremists have kidnapped scores of people and often used them as bargaining tools to secure the release of imprisoned militants. Earlier this month a U.S. aid worker was abducted and remains missing.

Journalist Rahmatullah Darpakhel was kidnapped on August 9 by a group of armed men while shopping at a market in Miranshah. Although Darpakhel, a journalist for AAJ TV and the Urdu daily newspaper Ausafcovered political issues, he was reportedly sensitive to the regional turmoil, refusing to work with foreign media for fear of potential danger. The motivation for the kidnapping is unclear and his whereabouts are unknown.

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Special Reports

Policing Belief: The Impact of Blasphemy Laws on Human Rights

Policing Belief: The Impact of Blasphemy Laws on Human Rights examines the human rights implications of domestic blasphemy and religious insult laws using the case studies of seven countries—Algeria, Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Poland—where such laws exist both on paper and in practice. Without exception, blasphemy laws violate the fundamentalfreedom of expression, as they are by definition intended to protect religious institutions and religious doctrine– i.e., abstract ideas and concepts – from insult or offence. At their most benign, such laws lead to self-censorship.  In Greece and Poland, two of the more democratic countries examined in the study, charges brought against high-profile artists, curators and writers serve as a warning to others that certain topics are off limits. At their worst, in countries such as Pakistan and Malaysia, such laws lead to overt governmental censorship and individuals are both prosecuted and subject to severe criminal penalties including lengthy jail sentences.

Evaluation of 2008-2011 UN Human Rights Council Candidates

On May 21, 2008, the UN General Assembly will elect 15 new Human Rights Council members. Twenty countries are candidates. Freedom House and UN Watch evaluated each candidate’s suitability for election to the Human Rights Council by examining its record of human rights protection at home and its record of human rights promotion at the UN.

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