Uzbek president Islam Karimov died last year after ruling the country with an iron fist for 27 years. The brief looks at what has changed in the past year and whether we can hope for a thaw in Uzbekistan.

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Officials presented Kyrgyzstan's December 2016 constitutional referendum as necessary to shift the country into a parliamentary system, however, they did not reduce the powers of the presidency and instead weakened the judicial branch.

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Moldova’s presidential elections in November 2016 resulted in a victory for pro-Russian candidate Igor Dodon. This brief discusses the consequences for the country’s foreign policy trajectory and domestic politics.

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The brief takes a closer look at xenophobic sentiment in Central Europe, discussing the reasons behind historically high levels, as well as its increase with the European refugee crisis.

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This brief examines how Brexit will damage the EU’s influence on the development of democracy in the Balkans. The Western Balkans are not only losing a key advocate for enlargement, but Brexit will consume the EU’s policy and bureaucratic apparatuses for years and reduce the interest in enlargement.

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The 2015 migration crisis in Europe has resulted in the creation of new barriers to not only Middle Eastern migrants, but also to migrants from the non-EU Western Balkans countries.

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This latest analytical brief looks at how the country survived the storm using administrative measures, macroeconomic policy, and international support, and argues there are no alternatives to reforming the economy.

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