Asia-Pacific | Page 172 | Freedom House

Asia-Pacific

Over the past five years, the Asia-Pacific region has been the only one to record steady gains in political rights and civil liberties as measured by Freedom House. Although it is home to China, where over half the world’s Not Free population lives, and North Korea, the least free country in the world, a number of Asia-Pacific countries have made impressive gains in the institutions of electoral democracy—elections, political parties, pluralism—and in freedom of association. Nonetheless, problems persist regarding many fundamental rights, and Freedom House supports local civil society groups throughout Southeast Asia in promoting and advocating the work of human rights defenders.You can read more about our work in the region here.


Asterisks in the country list below indicate a territory rather than a country.

Countries & Territories: 45
4 billion people
38% free
Press:
5% free

Percent computed by population. Population source data.

News & Updates

 

Letter to the Office  of  the  United  Nations  High  Commissioner  for  Human  Rights  (OHCHR)   on Cambodia's draft NGO law. 

 

Computer programmer Surapak Puchaieseng was arrested, detained and had his computer confiscated after “insulting” the Thai royal family on Facebook. Puchaieseng‘s arrest marks the first lèse majesté case since prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra was elected. He also was accused of violating the 2007 Computer Crimes Act. Yingluck is the sister of former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra, and assumed office in August 2011.

An amendment to China’s residential surveillance law may threaten freedom of expression by legalizing secret detentions, allowing police to hold suspects for up to six months in “secret locations” in cases involving terrorism, corruption and “national security.” Police would need permission to detain suspects in an unknown location, and would not be required to contact the suspect's family or legal counsel. The National People’s Congress will decide in March 2012 whether to approve the amendment or not.

Shabaz Taseer, the son of a Pakistani governor killed for criticizing blasphemy laws was abducted by gunmen on Friday, August 26. His father Salman Taseer, the governor of Punjab and member in the Pakistan People’s Party, was murdered by his bodyguard in January 2011 after speaking against blasphemy laws. Shabaz was reportedly kidnapped and forced into a car. His whereabouts are unknown and there is no clear motive, although his family suspects extremists are behind the kidnapping after receiving threats. Shabaz is the owner of a number of companies including Media Times Ltd, and his sister is a journalist who has spoken publicly against extremism. Extremists have kidnapped scores of people and often used them as bargaining tools to secure the release of imprisoned militants. Earlier this month a U.S. aid worker was abducted and remains missing.

Pages

Experts

Senior Research Analyst for China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

Sarah Cook is a Senior Research Analyst for China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan at Freedom House.

Issues: 
Regions: 
Senior Program Manager, Asia

Lauren Galacia manages the Asia program.  Prior to joining Freedom House, she oversaw the development and implementation of citizen engagement programs throughout Asia and Eurasia, with a focus on Thailand and Burma.

Issues: 
Regions: 
Research Analyst, Freedom on the Net

Allie Funk serves as a Research Analyst on the Freedom on the Net team.

33 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
22 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
21
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
153 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
54
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
708 thousand people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
413 thousand people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
55 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
5.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
63
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
15 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
52
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
1.4 billion people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
87
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
23 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
844 thousand people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
1.3 billion people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
41
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
241 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
47
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
128 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
23
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
25 million people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
7.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
49 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
35
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
6.5 million people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
29 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
44
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
331 thousand people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
5.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
2.9 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
31 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
4.4 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
180 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
71
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
7 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
96 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
28
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
552 thousand people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
21 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
43
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
70 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
67
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
258 thousand people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
89 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
76
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
Scores Overview

Programs

In Southeast Asia, Freedom House programs enable citizens to assert their rights and supports their efforts to gain a greater say in how they are governed.

Issues: 
Regions: 

Freedom House helps LGBTI rights groups in Southeast Asia to push back against the tide of intolerance.

Regions: 

The Lifeline Embattled CSO Assistance Fund provides emergency financial assistance to civil society organizations (CSOs) under threat or attack and advocacy support responding to broader threats to civil society. 

Freedom House administers several funds which offer emergency assistance to organizations and individuals around the world who are under threat because of their human rights work.