Asia-Pacific

Over the past five years, the Asia-Pacific region has been the only one to record steady gains in political rights and civil liberties as measured by Freedom House. Although it is home to China, where over half the world’s Not Free population lives, and North Korea, the least free country in the world, a number of Asia-Pacific countries have made impressive gains in the institutions of electoral democracy—elections, political parties, pluralism—and in freedom of association. Nonetheless, problems persist regarding many fundamental rights, and Freedom House supports local civil society groups throughout Southeast Asia in promoting and advocating the work of human rights defenders.You can read more about our work in the region here.


Asterisks in the country list below indicate a territory rather than a country.

Countries & Territories: 45
4 billion people
38% free
Press:
5% free

Percent computed by population. Population source data.

News & Updates

Freedom House issued the following statement in response to the death of 61-year old Liu Xiaobo, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2010 while he was imprisoned and silenced by the Chinese government. 

Senior Research Analyst for East Asia

A month riddled with perilous anniversaries offers a showcase for the Communist Party’s upgraded internet controls.

xi jingping meeting russian delegation vladimir putin

In this issue: China's newest censorship methods, updates on the cybersecurity law, and Xi's visit to Hong Kong.

The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), Freedom House and Reporters Without Borders (RSF) have written to the President of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, to demand the immediate release of dissident Liu Xiaobo, and permission for he and his wife to travel overseas for urgent medical treatment.

Pages

Experts

Research Analyst, Freedom on the Net

Madeline Earp is the Asia research analyst for Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's annual index of global internet freedom.

Regions: 
Program Manager, Dignity for All: LGBTI Assistance Program


Regions: 
Program Manager, Asia

Lauren Galacia manages the Asia program.  Prior to joining Freedom House, she oversaw the development and implementation of citizen engagement programs throughout Asia and Eurasia, with a focus on Thailand and Burma.

Issues: 
Regions: 
33 million people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
22 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
17
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
153 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
49
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
708 thousand people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
413 thousand people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
55 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
60
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
15 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
47
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
1.4 billion people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
87
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
23 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
844 thousand people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
1.3 billion people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
42
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
241 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
42
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
128 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
22
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
25 million people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
7.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
49 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
33
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
6.5 million people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
29 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
42
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
331 thousand people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
2.9 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
31 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
4.4 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
180 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
69
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
7 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
96 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
27
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
552 thousand people
Press:
Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
21 million people
Internet:
Partly Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
58
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
70 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
62
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
258 thousand people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
89 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
6.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
76
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
Scores Overview

Countries We're Watching

PKK

The West Bank and Gaza Strip have been covered in different ways by Freedom House surveys over the years, as indicated below. In some cases they...

Freedom of the Press began assessing the West Bank and Gaza Strip as such in its 2012 edition. For a complete explanation of the changes...


WHAT DOES NATIONS IN TRANSIT MEASURE?

The Nations in Transit annual...

KMT

Yugoslavia was last assessed as such in the 2003 editions of Freedom in the World, Freedom of the Press, and Nations in Transit. For subsequent...

CNN
DRL
GNC
oil
IMF

Despite being home to several of the world’s worst performing countries in terms of respect for human rights, the region saw overall if...

AFP


For several years Freedom House has worked with human rights defenders and civic activists in Belarus to...

Over the past few years, many of Freedom House’s publications, including Freedom in the...

S

The Americas are second only to Western Europe in levels of freedom and respect for human rights.  Nonetheless, a rise in violent crime and...

The Falkland Islands are not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see United Kingdom.

PAN
MDC

Northern Ireland was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

Freedom in the World 2017

...

French Guiana is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see France.

UN

Freedom of the Press last assessed the Israeli-Occupied Territories and Palestinian Authority as such in its 2011 edition. For a complete...

IGF

Freedom in the World last assessed the Palestinian Authority–Administered Territories as such in its 2010 edition. For a complete...

Freedom in the World last assessed the Israeli-Occupied Territories as such in its 2010 edition. For a complete explanation of the...

STT
LRA
ISI

Since 2011, Freedom House has rated Mexico “Not Free” in its annual Freedom of the Press report primarily because of ongoing violence against...

KCK
ICC

<p>Macao was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see <a href="/country/china">China...

OAS

Freedom in the World began assessing the Gaza Strip as a separate territory in its 2011 edition. For a complete explanation of the...

Iraqi Kurdistan was last assessed by Freedom in the World in 2004. Please see Iraq for more recent data...

IFJ

Macao was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see China...

Countries at the Crossroads, published from 2004 to 2012, was an annual analysis of government performance in 70 strategically...

=
M23

Serbia and Montenegro was last assessed as such in the 2006 editions of Freedom in the World and Freedom of the Press. For more recent data,...

un

For decades Europe has maintained an exemplary level of respect for democratic standards and human rights, and has generally continued to do so in...

West Papua was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

West Papua was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see Indonesia for...

Iraqi Kurdistan was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

PRI

New Caledonia is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see France.

French Polynesia is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see France.

MCC
MTN

Reunion is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see France.

Freedom in the World began assessing the West Bank as a separate territory in its 2011 edition. For a complete explanation of the changes...

ITU

Northern Ireland was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see United...

EU

Chechnya was last assessed separately in the 2009 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

WHAT IS FREEDOM ON THE NET?

Freedom on the Net is a Freedom House project consisting of cutting-edge analysis, fact-based...