Europe

For decades Europe has maintained an exemplary level of respect for democratic standards and human rights, and has generally continued to do so in recent years despite serious economic turmoil. Nevertheless, many countries have developed problems related to their treatment of immigrants and minorities, and press freedom faces threats in a number of states. In addition, several countries in the Balkans are still consolidating their democratic institutions and will require further monitoring to ensure continued progress. Through its presence in Brussels, Freedom House works to address these issues and to increase Europe’s role in supporting the spread of democracy abroad.

Asterisks in the country list below indicate a territory rather than a country.

Countries & Territories: 44
620 million people
86% free
Press:
66% free

Percent computed by population. Population source data.

News & Updates

Poland’s government is using legislative, political, and economic means to stifle the media and limit dissent and debate within the country, according to a new Freedom House special report on media freedom in Poland.

A new Freedom House report examines the Polish leadership’s brazen efforts to exert partisan control over the media in a lynchpin European democracy.

Freedom House issued a statement on Hungary's new "foreign agents" law, which aims to suppress civil society and silence dissent.

Freedom House issued the following statement in response to Chechen authorities’ efforts to extradite Russian athlete Murad Amriev. 

Pages

Experts

Director, Europe and Eurasia programs

Marc Behrendt is the Director for Europe and Eurasia programs at Freedom House, with over 20 years of experience working in the Eurasia region in peacebuilding, governance and human rights.

Regions: 
Distinguished Fellow for Democracy Studies


Regions: 
Senior Director, Global Publications

Sarah Repucci leads Freedom House’s flagship Freedom in the World and Freedom of the Press publications.

Regions: 
2.8 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
8.5 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
11 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
3.8 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
4.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
7.2 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
4.3 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
1.2 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
10 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
5.6 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
1.3 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
6
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
5.4 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
64 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
26
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
82 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
20
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
11 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
9.9 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
29
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
320 thousand people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
6
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
4.7 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
61 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
25
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
2.3 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
2 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
3.2 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
2.1 million people
Press:
Not Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
399 thousand people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
622 thousand people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Partly Free
Scores Overview
3.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
17 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
5 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
38 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
11 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
21 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
7.1 million people
Press:
Partly Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
2.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
5.4 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
2.1 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
46 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
9.5 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
8 million people
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
75 million people
Internet:
Not Free
Press:
Not Free
Status
Not Free
Scores Overview
5.5 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
66
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
63 million people
Internet:
Free
Press:
Free
Status
Free
Scores Overview
1.0 / 7 (least free)
Freedom Rating
24
(0 = Best, 100 = Worst) / 100 (least free)
Internet Freedom
Scores Overview

Countries We're Watching

OAS
NTV

New Caledonia is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see France.

CNN

Macao was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see China...

STT

Freedom in the World last assessed the Israeli-Occupied Territories as such in its 2010 edition. For a complete explanation of the...

Reunion is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see France.

For decades Europe has maintained an exemplary level of respect for democratic standards and human rights, and has generally continued to do so in...

Freedom in the World last assessed the Palestinian Authority–Administered Territories as such in its 2010 edition. For a complete...

Most countries in Eurasia rank at or near the bottom of Freedom House’s ratings for political rights and civil liberties. While a few—...

Freedom in the World began assessing the West Bank as a separate territory in its 2011 edition. For a complete explanation of the changes...

Freedom in the World 2018

...

MDC
PAN
IFJ

The Mark Palmer Forum for the Advancement of Democracy honors the legacy of Ambassador Mark Palmer, long-time Freedom House...

Countries at the Crossroads, published from 2004 to 2012, was an annual analysis of government performance in 70 strategically...

ISI

Freedom of the Press 2017

...

<p>Macao was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see <a href="/country/china">China...

ITU

Iraqi Kurdistan was last assessed by Freedom in the World in 2004. Please see Iraq for more recent data...

The West Bank and Gaza Strip have been covered in different ways by Freedom House surveys over the years, as indicated below. In some cases they...

DPP

The Arab Spring of 2011 launched an era of sweeping political changes in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa, which has historically...


WHAT DOES NATIONS IN TRANSIT MEASURE?

The Nations in Transit annual...

un
M23
IMF
GNC

Until the 2010 edition, Freedom in the World assessed Kosovo as a disputed territory. For more recent data, see the...

Yugoslavia was last assessed as such in the 2003 editions of Freedom in the World, Freedom of the Press, and Nations in Transit. For subsequent...

Chechnya was last assessed separately in the 2009 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see Russia ...

The Americas are second only to Western Europe in levels of freedom and respect for human rights.  Nonetheless, a rise in violent crime and...

S
MCC

Freedom House’s innovative publication, Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa, analyzes the status of women in the region...

KCK
UAE

Before the 2010 edition, Freedom in the World assessed Kosovo as a disputed territory. For the older Freedom in the World...

Chechnya was last assessed separately in the 2009 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

Iraqi Kurdistan was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

West Papua was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see Indonesia for...

AKP

Freedom of the Press last assessed the Israeli-Occupied Territories and Palestinian Authority as such in its 2011 edition. For a complete...

Greenland is not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see Denmark.

IGF

The Falkland Islands are not assessed separately by Freedom House. Please see United Kingdom.


For several years Freedom House has worked with human rights defenders and civic activists in Belarus to...

West Papua was last assessed separately in the 2004 edition of Freedom in the World. Please see...

LRA
=

Freedom in the World began assessing the Gaza Strip as a separate territory in its 2011 edition. For a complete explanation of the...

Over the past few years, many of Freedom House’s publications, including Freedom in the...

KMT
PKK

Despite being home to several of the world’s worst performing countries in terms of respect for human rights, the region saw overall if...

DRL