Survey Team

Read a Country or a Territory Report

Contributing Authors

Alexis Arieff is an analyst in African affairs at the Congressional Research Service. (Any views expressed herein are hers alone, and do not represent CRS or the Library of Congress.) She previously worked as a Senior Research Associate for the Africa program at the Committee to Protect Journalists and as a research intern at the International Crisis Group’s West Africa field office. She holds an M.A. in international relations from Yale University, with a focus on politics and security in sub-Saharan Africa. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Fatima Ayub is a policy and advocacy officer for the Open Society Institute in London. Previously, she has worked at the International Center for Transitional Justice, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. She holds an M.A. in international studies with a specialization in international law and organizations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. She served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Scott H. Baker is an Instructor at Champlain College in international relations and international business. He has worked on issues of political enfranchisement in conflict societies for the UN University (INCORE) in Northern Ireland and as an advisor for several nonprofits in Nigeria and southern Sudan. He recently co-authored a book assessing differing approaches regional organizations are developing to promote and protect member state adherence to democratic principles. He is a doctoral candidate at the University of Vermont, focusing on the relationship between socio-economic underdevelopment and conflict in Nigeria, and the role of education in mitigating and preventing both. He served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Michael Balz is an M.A. candidate at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School.  He previously worked in Lebanon, Syria, and Egypt, as well as at the Middle East Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). He served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World

Gordon N. Bardos is Assistant Director of the Harriman Institute at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. He also serves as Executive Director of the Association for the Study of Nationalities (ASN), the world's largest scholarly organization dedicated to the problems of nationalism, ethnicity, and ethnic conflict management. He served as a Balkans analyst for Freedom in the World.

Julia Breslin is the Research and Editorial Associate for Freedom House’s Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa survey. She has written for various other publications, including the Max Planck Institute’s Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Her research focus is the Middle East, and she has carried out research assignments in Kuwait, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates. She holds a law degree from Florida State University and an LL.M. in international human rights law from Lund University, Sweden, a program taught in conjunction with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. She served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sarah Cook is an Asia Researcher at Freedom House and recently served as Assistant Editor for Freedom on the Net, a Freedom House pilot index of internet and digital media freedom. Prior to joining Freedom House, she coedited the English version of Chinese attorney Gao Zhisheng’s memoir, A China More Just. She holds an MSc in politics and an LLM in public international law from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, where she was a Marshall Scholar. She served as an East Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Britta H. Crandall is a Ph.D. candidate at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, where her research focuses on U.S. policy toward Brazil. Prior to her doctoral studies, she was Associate Director for Latin American sovereign risk analysis at Bank One. She also worked as a Latin American Program Examiner for the Office of Management and Budget. She served as a South America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Jake Dizard is the Managing Editor of Countries at the Crossroads, Freedom House’s annual survey of democratic governance. His area of focus is Latin America, with a specific emphasis on the Andean region and Mexico. He is a 2005 graduate of the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He served as a South America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Camille Eiss is Director of Programs for the Truman National Security Project, where she develops curriculum and strategy across programs for Congressional staffers and Truman Project Security Fellows nationwide. She previously worked as a Senior Associate for the international development organization Endeavor, a Research Analyst at Freedom House and Assistant Editor of Freedom in the World, and an Editor of the Washington Quarterly at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She holds an M.A. in the History of International Relations from the London School of Economics with a focus on Political Islam. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Daniel P. Erikson is Senior Associate for U.S. Policy and Director of Caribbean Programs at the Inter-American Dialogue. He has published more than fifty academic and opinion articles on topics in Western Hemisphere affairs, and he is the co-editor of Transforming Socialist Economies: Lessons for Cuba and Beyond. His previous positions include Research Associate at the Harvard Business School and Fulbright scholar in U.S.-Mexican business relations. He served as the Caribbean analyst for Freedom in the World.

Elizabeth Floyd is Editor of Special Reports at Freedom House, and she has managed the production of the recent Today’s American: How Free? and “Democracy Web: Comparative Studies in Democracy,” a curriculum website. She holds an M.A. in modern European history from Hunter College CUNY with a focus on German history. She analyzed German-speaking countries for Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press survey. She served as a Western and Central Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Thomas W. Gold is a former Assistant Professor of Comparative Politics at Sacred Heart University and the author of The Lega Nord and Contemporary Politics in Italy. He earned his Ph.D. in political science from the New School for Social Research and received a Fulbright Fellowship to conduct research in Italy. He served as a Southern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Robert Lane Greene writes for The Economist and is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Global Affairs at New York University. He is also the author of a forthcoming book on nationalism and the politics of language. He holds an M.Phil from Oxford University in European politics, where he was a Marshall Scholar. He served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sinéad Hunt has worked previously for the Center for Strategic and International Studies and The Carter Center researching human rights and post-conflict reconstruction in Central and North Africa. She holds an M.A. in international relations from Yale University, with a focus on politics and conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. She served as the Central Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Toby Jones is Assistant Professor of Middle East history at Rutgers University. His main research interests are the history of state-building, politics, and Shia-Sunni relations in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf. Previously, he was a Visiting Assistant Professor and Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow at Swarthmore College and the Persian Gulf Analyst for the International Crisis Group. He has published in the International Journal of Middle East Studies, Middle East Report, Foreign Affairs, and Arab Reform Bulletin. He served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Karin Deutsch Karlekar is a Senior Researcher at Freedom House and the Managing Editor of Freedom House’s annual Freedom of the Press survey, as well as the new Freedom on the Net index. She has written South Asian reports for Freedom of the Press and the Countries at the Crossroads 2004 survey of democratic governance, and she has been on research missions to Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, and Pakistan. She previously worked as a consultant for Human Rights Watch and as an Editor at the Economist Intelligence Unit. She holds a Ph.D. in Indian history from Cambridge University She served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sanja Kelly is a Senior Researcher at Freedom House and the Managing Editor of two Freedom House surveys, Countries at the Crossroads and Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa. She has written reports for various publications and has been on research assignments in the former Yugoslavia, Caucasus, Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. She served as a Balkans analyst for Freedom in the World.

Daniel Kimmage is currently an independent consultant based in Washington, DC. Previously, he was the English-language editor of the quarterly journal Manuscripta Orientalia at the Institute of Oriental Studies in St. Petersburg, Russia and a regional analyst at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, where he focused on politics, business, and media issues in Central Asia and Russia. Hee co-authored Iraqi Insurgent Media: The War of Images and Ideas (2007) and authored The Al-Qaeda Media Nexus (2008). His work has appeared in The New York Times, The New Republic, Foreign Policy and Slate. He holds an M.A. in Russian and Islamic history from Cornell University. He served as the Central Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Jae Ku is the Director of the U.S.-Korea Institute at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Previously, he was the Director of the Human Rights in North Korea Project at Freedom House. He has taught at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, Brown University, and Yonsei University and Sookmyung Women’s University in Seoul, South Korea. His research interests include inter-Korean relations, U.S.-Korea relations, democracy in Asia, and human rights in North Korea.  He holds a Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He served as an East Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Astrid Larson received her M.A. in international media and culture from the New School University. She has served as an analyst for Western Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the South Pacific for Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press survey. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Ming Kuok Lim holds a Ph.D. in Communications from Pennsylvania State University. His research focuses on the relationship between the use of new media, such as social-networking sites, and the development of democracy. He has conducted a series of interviews with prominent bloggers in Malaysia. He served as a Singapore and Malaysia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Eleanor Marchant is the Program Officer at Media Development Loan Fund, a New York-based nonprofit that supports independent journalism in developing countries. A former Research Analyst and Assistant Editor of the Freedom of the Press survey at Freedom House, She has also served as a Visiting Fellow at The Media Institute, an East Africa press freedom organization based in Kenya. She holds an M.A. in international relations from New York University, where she wrote her thesis on democratization in West Africa, and received a B.Sc. in economics and politics from the University of Bristol in England. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Edward R. McMahon holds a joint appointment as Research Associate Professor in the Departments of Political Science and Community Development and Applied Economics at the University of Vermont. Previously, he was Dean’s Professor of Applied Politics and the Director of the Center on Democratic Performance at Binghamton University (SUNY). He has also served as Regional Director for West, East, and Central Africa at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs and as a diplomat with the U.S. Department of State. He served as the East Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Katrina Neubauer is a Research Analyst and Assistant Editor of Freedom in the World. Her area of focus is sub-Saharan Africa, with a particular emphasis on the Sahelian region. She has served as an analyst for Africa and South Asia for Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press survey. She holds an M.A. in international relations from George Washington University. She served as the Sahel analyst for Freedom in the World.

Alysson A. Oakley has worked in Indonesia and East Timor on political development, focusing on political parties and local parliament. She holds a M.A. in international relations from the Johns Hopkins School of International Studies (SAIS), with a concentration in Southeast Asia studies and international economics. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Manuel Orozco is Senior Associate and Director of Remittances and Development at the Inter‐American Dialogue, conducting policy analysis and advocacy on issues relating to global flows of remittances and migration and development worldwide. He is also Chair of Central America and the Caribbean at the U.S. Foreign Service Institute and Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, where he is Senior Researcher at the Institute for the Study of International Migration. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Texas at Austin. He served as the Central America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Robert Orttung is a Senior Fellow at the Jefferson Institute and a visiting scholar at the Center for Security Studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. He is a co-editor of the Russian Analytical Digest and the Caucasus Analytical Digest. His recent books include Energy and the Transformation of International Relations: Toward a New Producer–Consumer Frameworkand Russian Energy Power and Foreign Relations: Implications for conflict and cooperation (both co-edited with Andreas Wenger and Jeronim Perovic). He earned his Ph.D. in political science from UCLA. He served as an Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Aili Piano is a Senior Researcher at Freedom House and the Managing Editor of Freedom in the World. She has been a country analyst for several Freedom House publications: the Nations in Transit survey of democratization in East-Central Europe and Eurasia, the Countries at the Crossroads 2004 survey of democratic governance, and the Freedom of the Press survey.Previously, she worked as a diplomatic attaché at the Estonian Mission to the United Nations. She holds an M.A. from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. She served as an East-Central Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Arch Puddington is Director of Research at Freedom House and co-editor of Freedom in the World. He has written widely on American foreign policy, race relations, organized labor, and the history of the Cold War. He is the author of Broadcasting Freedom: The Cold War Triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and Lane Kirkland: Champion of American Labor. He served as the United States and Canada analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sarah Repucci is an independent consultant based in New York. Previously, she was a Senior Researcher at Freedom House. She holds an M.A. in European studies from New York University. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Mark Y. Rosenberg is a Ph.D. candidate in political science at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focuses on dominant party systems, political economy, and democratization in sub-Saharan Africa. He is a former Researcher at Freedom House and Assistant Editor of Freedom in the World. He served as a Southern Africa and Israel/Palestinian Territories analyst for Freedom in the World.

Tyler Roylance is Editorial and Research assistant at Freedom House and the line editor for Freedom in the World. Previously, he worked as a Senior Editor for Facts on File’s World News Digest. He holds an M.A. in history from New York University. He serves as a Southeastern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Hani Sabra has consulted for Freedom House for several years. Previously, he worked for the Committee to Protect Journalists and the International Center for Transitional Justice, both in New York. He served as a North Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Abigail Schwartz is the Deputy Director of the Burma Project/Southeast Asia Initiative at the Open Society Institute (OSI). She has lived and worked in both Thailand and Cambodia. Prior to joining OSI, she worked for the Asia Foundation’s Washington, DC office. She has an MA in Southeast Asian Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Daria Vaisman is a journalist working on her first book, a narrative non-fiction account of US foreign policy in the former Soviet Union, to be published in 2011. She previously worked at Transparency International and Eurasia Foundation, and holds an M.A. in international affairs from Columbia University. She served as a Caucasus analyst for Freedom in the World.

Peter VonDoepp is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Vermont. A specialist in African politics, he has published numerous articles on democratization processes in Africa. He is also editor (with Leonardo Villalon) and contributor to The Fate of Africa’s Democratic Experiments: Elites and Institutions. He has obtained research grants from the National Science Foundation and Fulbright Hays Program. He served as a Southern Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Christopher Walker is Director of Studies at Freedom House and co-editor of Countries at the Crossroads, Freedom House’s survey of democratic governance. He has written extensively on European and Eurasian political and security affairs. He holds an M.A. from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. He served as a Caucasus analyst for Freedom in the World.

Thomas Webb is a law student at Fordham Law School. He is a former Research Assistant at Freedom House. He served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Anny Wong is a political scientist with the RAND Corporation. Her research covers science and technology policy, international development, army manpower, and U.S. relations with states in the Asia-Pacific region. She holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Hawaii at Manoa. She served as the Pacific Islands and Indochina analyst for Freedom in the World.

Academic Advisers

Jon B. Alterman directs the Middle East Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

David Becker is an Emeritus Professor of Government at Dartmouth College.

John P. Entelis is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Middle East Studies Program at Fordham University.

John W. Harbeson is Professor of Political Science, Emeritus, The City University of New York, and Professorial Lecturer, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.

Steven Heydemann is Vice President of the Grant and Fellowship Program at the U.S. Institute of Peace.

Thomas R. Lansner is Adjunct Associate Professor of International Affairs in the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University.

Peter Lewis is Associate Professor and Director of the African Studies Program at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.

Cynthia McClintock is Professor of Political Science and International Affairs and Director of the Latin American and Hemispheric Program at George Washington University.

Rajan Menon is Monroe J. Rathbone Professor of International Relations at Lehigh University.

John S. Micgiel is Adjunct Professor of International Affairs and Director of the East Central European Center at Columbia University.

Alexander J. Motyl is Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University-Newark.

Andrew J. Nathan is Class of 1919 Professor of Political Science at Columbia University.

Philip Oldenburg is Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, and Research Scholar, Southern Asian Institute at Columbia University.

Martin Schain is Professor of Politics at New York University

Peter Sinnott is an Independent Scholar who has been working on Central Asia issues for more than 25 years.

Bridget Welsh is Associate Professor in Political Science at Singapore Management University.

Coletta Youngers is Senior Fellow at the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) and an independent consultant specializing in human rights and democracy issues in Latin America.

 

Production Team
 

Tyler Roylance, Line Editor

Ida Walker, Proofreader
Mark Wolkenfeld, Production Coordinator