Acknowledgements

Donors

This report was made possible by the generous support of the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL), Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, New York Community Trust, Google, Internet Society, and Oath. 

The content of this publication is the sole responsibility of Freedom House and does not necessarily represent the views of its donors.

Freedom House Research Team

Mai Truong, Research Director, Strategy and Management
Adrian Shahbaz, Research Director, Technology and Democracy
Jessica White, Research Analyst
Allie Funk, Research Analyst

Tyler Roylance edited the report. Cheryl Yu and Andrew Greco provided research assistance.

Report Authors and Advisors

  • Armenia: Samvel Martirosyan, media expert, director of ArmSec Foundation
  • Australia: Rose Dlougatch, independent researcher
  • Azerbaijan: Arzu Geybulla, freelance journalist
  • Brazil: Fabrício B. Pasquot Polido, Professor of International Law, International Intellectual Property Law and Comparative Law, Federal University of Minas Gerais –UFMG; Member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Institute for Research on Internet & Society (IRIS); with Pedro Vilela, Victor Vieira and Davi Teófilo of IRIS
  • Canada: Allen Mendelsohn, lawyer specializing in internet law and lecturer of internet and privacy law at McGill University’s Faculty of Law
  • Colombia: Emmanuel Vargas Penagos and Pedro Vaca Villarreal, Fundación para la Libertad de Prensa (FLIP)
  • Cuba: Ted Henken, Baruch College
  • Ecuador: J. Andrés Delgado-Ron, Red Ecuatoriana de Datos Abiertos y Metadatos
  • Estonia: Katrin Nyman Metcalf, Programme Director of Research and Legal Aspects, e-Governance Academy and Visiting Professor, Institute of Law, School of Business and Governance, Tallinn University of Technology
  • France: Jean-Loup Richet, Sorbonne Business School
  • Gambia: Demba Kandeh, Lecturer, School of Journalism and Digital Media, University of The Gambia
  • Georgia: Teona Turashvili, E-Governance Direction Head, Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI)
  • Germany: Henning Lahmann, iRights.Lab
  • Hungary: Dalma Dojcsák, Hungarian Civil Liberties Union
  • Iceland: Caroline Nellemann, independent consultant, specialist in digital media and civic engagement
  • India: Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University Delhi
  • Indonesia: Indri D. Saptaningrum, Researcher, ELSAM, Jakarta; PhD candidate, University of New South Wales Law School, Australia
  • Iran: Kaveh Azarhoosh, independent researcher, scholar at Oxford Internet Institute; James Marchant, Research Manager, Small Media; Tom Ormson, Researcher, Small Media
  • Italy: Philip Di Salvo, post-doctoral researcher, Institute of Media and Journalism, Università della Svizzera italiana; Antonella Napolitano, Italian Coalition for Civil Liberties and Rights (CILD)
  • Japan: Hamada Tadahisa, founder of Japan Computer Access for Empowerment (JCAFE)
  • Jordan: Jordan Open Source Association
  • Kenya: Moses Karanja, PhD Student, University of Toronto
  • Kyrgyzstan: Artem Goryainov, Deputy IT director, PF "Civil Initiative on Internet Policy"
  • Lebanon: SMEX
  • Libya: Younes Nagem, Manager for ​​​​​Community Development, Youth & Women Empowerment, Democracy, Entrepreneurship and Tech Projects and ​Initiatives​; Chairman/CEO​ & founder​ at BYTE​​​ Organization
  • Malawi: Gregory Gondwe, media & communications expert
  • Malaysia: Kabilan Kandasamy, media consultant
  • Mexico: Indira Cornelio, #SeguridadDigital
  • Morocco: Dr. Bouziane Zaid, Associate Professor, Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco
  • Myanmar: Oliver Spencer and Yin Yadanar Thein, Free Expression Myanmar (FEM)
  • Nigeria: ‘Gbenga Sesan, Executive Director, Paradigm Initiative
  • Pakistan: Nighat Dad and Shmyla Khan, Digital Rights Foundation
  • South Africa: Zororo Mavindidze, independent researcher
  • South Korea: Dr. Yenn Lee, Doctoral Training Advisor, SOAS University of London
  • Sri Lanka: Raisa Wickrematunge, independent researcher
  • Sudan: Reem Abbas, freelance journalist and communications professional
  • Syria: Alaa Ghazal, Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression
  • Ukraine: Dariya Orlova, Senior Lecturer, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
  • United Kingdom: Aaron Ceross, University of Oxford
  • United States: Laura Reed, independent researcher
  • Uzbekistan: Ernest Zhanaev, human rights researcher
  • Venezuela: Dr. Raisa Urribarri, journalist and consultant; Professor Emeritus at Universidad de Los Andes

The analysts for the reports on Angola, Argentina, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Cambodia, China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe are independent internet researchers who have requested to remain anonymous.