Devastated by decades of war and the draconian restrictions of the ruling Taliban, there were no regularly appearing news media other than the propagandist radio stations run by the Taliban and Northern Alliance. Some Afghans secured their news from foreign radio broadcasts. In the presently limited journalistic climate it is not useful to rate the public's access to news and information. Eight foreign journalists were killed in Afghanistan between October and December 2001. By early December, the first four-page, government-subsidized newspaper Anis was cranked out on a back street in Kabul.