Pre-publication censorship of a newspaper is authorized in a press law. Journalists practice self-censorship and face harassment through legal restriction and detention. This year, some privately owned radio stations have emerged, such as Radio Publique Africaine. This station, highly-rated in terms of audience approval, is seen as a national symbol with both Hutu and Tutsi staff members. Yet twice this year journalists from private radio stations, including Radio Publique Africaine, have been detained and beaten by police for carrying stories that the government wanted kept from the public. A director of one of the few independent news agencies was arrested in December for an article he claims never to have written. The state-run radio station allows some diversity. The European Union also runs a radio station, as does a Hutu extremist radio outlet that has a limited listening range.