Scores of journalists were detained or notified of impending restrictive actions. At year's end, however, only one journalist remained in prison. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) noted a gradual improvement in the country's climate for press freedom. Nevertheless, widespread harassment of journalists continued. A penal code that permits judges to jail journalists remains a hazard, as are harsh anti-defamation and official secrecy laws. Pending court cases against some 80 journalists threaten a genuine expansion of press freedom, the CPJ stated. Broadcast media are largely state-run and are closely monitored by the government. Journalists have difficulty securing official information. There are a number of independent private newspapers, but the government has a monopoly on printing.