Though many anti-defamation laws have been on the books since 1881, they have not been enforced against journalists since Charles de Gaulle's regime ended in 1969. The government's financial support of news media and the registration of journalists, however, raise some concern about the independence of French journalism. Critics also opposed authorities' efforts in criminal procedures to secure journalists' sources of information. Officials restricted journalists' access to satellite images of Afghanistan. In a local police action the videotapes of a journalist were seized.