"Insult" laws are widely used to censor print and broadcast news, though all broadcasting and the only daily newspaper are state-controlled. Charges of defaming the president or disturbing the peace are broadly defined to control news and information reaching the public and shut down independent media. Despite regular harassment, several weekly newspapers in the capital of Conakry criticize the government. The director of the weekly L'Observateur was beaten by police and arrested twice in 2001 for "defamation." In September, a new 13-member bureau intended to help regulate the media was established.