All media must register with the ministry of justice. In June, the registration of 16 already-approved new media outlets was halted, and they were told that they had to re-register. Other forms of harassment of journalists were routine. A presidential decree made it easier to imprison journalists who criticize the government. Both state and private media are subject to government pressure, which inspires self-censorship. Journalists who criticize the government may be prosecuted under the criminal code's restriction on libel. The independent newspaper Res Publica was shut down by a court for several weeks until it paid two fines for losing a libel suit stemming from an article accusing the head of state television and radio of corruption.