Freedom of the Press



Freedom of the Press 2002

2002 Scores

Press Status


Press Freedom Score
(0 = best, 100 = worst)


Political Environment
(0 = best, 40 = worst)


Economic Environment
(0 = best, 30 = worst)


Although the constitution guarantees press freedom and forbids censorship, the country's libel law treats slander as a criminal offense. Journalists, in particular, oppose the growing number of related lawsuits. Poland's growing print and electronic media are independent and diverse. Media empires control large sections of Polish journalism. The founders of the daily Gazeta Wyborcza, for example, control 14 local radio stations, printing presses, and broad interests in the Internet. Poland has 50 daily newspapers, many of whose majority shareholders are foreign concerns. The National Radio and Television Broadcasting Council (KRRiTV), the broadcast regulator, has granted 200 licenses for commercial radio stations and 32 licenses for television stations, including satellite television.