Spain | Freedom House

Freedom of the Press



Freedom of the Press 2002

2002 Scores

Press Status


Press Freedom Score
(0 = best, 100 = worst)


Political Environment
(0 = best, 40 = worst)


Economic Environment
(0 = best, 30 = worst)


The Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) separatist movement provided the main threat to press freedom. The ETA targeted the news media for murderous attacks that generated some self-censorship in a country whose constitutional guarantees of press freedom are fully respected by the government. In recent years, the press has been influential in setting the national agenda covering corruption and other major issues. Three independent television stations compete with the state-controlled TV channel, which has been accused of pro-government bias. Basque terrorists this year killed one media professional and attempted to murder several others. ETA was responsible for numerous attacks on media offices and threats to intimidate other journalists.