Full control over the news media is maintained by licensing journalists and issuing explicit instructions to them on what is permitted in the media. Critics of the government rarely appear in public. The government controls most broadcasting, all printing presses and newsprint supplies, and subsidizes publications and electronic facilities. Despite a constitutional guarantee of press freedom, editors self-censor for fear of reprisals. In July, Dodojon Atovullo, the exiled editor of the independent opposition newspaper Charogi Ruz (Light of Day), was arrested in Moscow on charges of sedition and insulting President Emomali Rakhmonov, and threatened with extradition to Tajikistan.