Survey Team

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Contributing Authors

Michael Balz recently completed his graduate studies at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School. He has previously lived in Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, and is now a Dubai-based consultant. He served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Gordon N. Bardos is assistant director of the Harriman Institute at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. He also serves as executive director of the Association for the Study of Nationalities (ASN), the world’s largest scholarly organization dedicated to the problems of nationalism, ethnicity, and ethnic conflict management. He served as a Balkans analyst for Freedom in the World.

Jaimie Bleck is a PhD candidate in the Government Department at Cornell University, where her research focuses on social service provision, citizenship, and democratization in West Africa. Previously, she worked for Winrock International as a program assistant on USAID’s Africa Education Initiative Ambassadors Girls’ Scholarship Program. She served as a Sahel analyst for Freedom in the World.

Jaclyn Burger is a civil-military operations instructor for the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo via a bilateral U.S.-Congolese initiative. She recently served as a joint operations reporting officer for the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, and has previously worked as a political affairs officer for the United Nations Mission in Liberia, and as a background investigator and civics instructor for the bilateral U.S.-Liberian Security Sector Reform Program. Her research interests include security sector reform, transitional justice, national reconciliation, and governance issues in sub-Saharan Africa. She holds an MA in international peace and conflict resolution with a specialization in postconflict peace building from American University. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Lesley Burns is a political analyst and project manager in charge of inter-American affairs, governance, democracy, and civil society projects at the Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL). Her work focuses on exploring the causes of political instability, assessing collaborative solutions, and analyzing the rule of law. She also manages projects focused on the role that civil society plays in the international community, and on developing a network of think tanks to generate research on timely issues of importance throughout the hemisphere. She holds a PhD in political science from the University of British Colombia and an MA from the University of Guelph. She served as a Caribbean analyst for Freedom in the World.

Yu-Jie Chen is a Taiwan lawyer and a senior research fellow at the U.S.-Asia Law Institute of New York University School of Law, where she focuses on law reform, criminal justice, and human rights in Taiwan and China. She previously engaged in international advocacy while working at Human Rights in China, a leading international NGO based in New York. She holds an LLM in international legal studies from NYU School of Law and an LLM and LLB with honors from National Chengchi University in Taiwan. She served as an East Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sarah Cook is an Asia research analyst at Freedom House and the assistant editor for Freedom on the Net, Freedom House’s index of internet and digital media freedom. Prior to joining Freedom House, she coedited the English version of Chinese attorney Gao Zhisheng’s memoir, A China More Just, and was a delegate to the United Nations Human Rights Commission for an organization working on religious freedom in China. She holds an MSc in politics and an LLM in public international law from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, where she was a Marshall Scholar. She served as an East Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Britta H. Crandall completed her PhD at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and is the author of Hemispheric Giants: The Misunderstood History of U.S.-Brazilian Relations. Prior to her doctoral studies, she was associate director for Latin American sovereign risk analysis at Bank One and worked as a Latin American program examiner for the Office of Management and Budget. She served as a South America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Chansonetta Cummings was a Peace Corps volunteer in Tanzania and an English instructor at public universities in the Chinese cities of Chengdu and Beijing. She received her MA in international relations from Yale University, with a research concentration in China’s engagement in Africa. She joined the U.S. Foreign Service in mid-2011 as a political officer. She served as a sub-Saharan Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Carlo Dade is the executive director of the Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL), where he also manages programs in transnationalism/diasporas, corporate social responsibility, and Canadian engagement in Haiti. He was previously a representative for the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and the English-speaking Caribbean at the Inter-American Foundation, a U.S. government foreign-aid agency. He is a founding member of the Enterprise Research Institute for Latin America, a Washington-based think tank focused on private-sector development and corporate social responsibility. He also worked for five years in the Latin American and Caribbean Region Technical Department of the World Bank. He holds a BA in International Affairs from the University of Virginia, with a minor in Middle Eastern Studies, and an MA from the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown University; he also attended Yarmouk University in Irbid, Jordan. He served as Caribbean analyst for Freedom in the World.

Jake Dizard is the managing editor of Countries at the Crossroads, Freedom House’s annual survey of democratic governance. His area of focus is Latin America, with a specific emphasis on the Andean region and Mexico. He is a 2005 graduate of the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He served as a Latin America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Richard Downie is deputy director and a fellow of the Africa program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Previously, he was a journalist for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). He received an MA in international public policy at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He served as a Horn of Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Camille Eiss is policy director of the Truman National Security Project. She previously worked as a senior associate for the international development organization Endeavor, a research analyst and assistant editor of Freedom in the World at Freedom House, and an editor of the Washington Quarterly at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. She holds an MA in the history of international relations from the London School of Economics, with a focus on political Islam. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Amy Freedman is an associate professor of political science at Long Island University, C. W. Post Campus. She received her MA and PhD in political science from New York University. Her research touches on various questions relating to democratization. She has a forthcoming book on the internationalization of domestic conflicts and is a coeditor of the journal Asian Security. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Natasha Geber has previously contributed to Freedom House’s Nations in Transit publication. She holds a BA in political science and Slavic studies from McGill University, where she has also worked as a researcher in the Political Science Department. Having previously lived in Western and Central Europe, she is now a New York–based independent researcher. She served as a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Thomas W. Gold is currently the director of strategic initiatives and external affairs at the Research Alliance for New York City Schools at New York University. He is a former assistant professor of comparative politics at Sacred Heart University and the author of The Lega Nord and Contemporary Politics in Italy. He earned his PhD in political science from the New School for Social Research and received a Fulbright Fellowship to conduct research in Italy. He served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Anson Gorga-Highland is an intern at the European Parliament Liaison Office. Previously he worked with the Europe Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He holds an MA in European politics and policy from the Center for European and Mediterranean Studies at New York University. He served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Eva Hoier Greene is a research assistant at Freedom House. She completed her BA in international development in Denmark in 2003. Prior to her work at Freedom House, she covered nuclear disarmament, among other issues, at the Danish Mission to the United Nations. She served as a Scandinavia analyst for Freedom of the World.

Sylvana Habdank-Kolaczkowska is the managing editor of Nations in Transit, Freedom House’s annual survey of democratic governance from Central Europe to Eurasia. She also writes reports on Central Europe for the Freedom of the Press survey. Previously, she worked as the managing editor of the Journal of Cold War Studies, a peer-reviewed quarterly. She holds an MA from Harvard University in regional studies of Russia and Central Asia, and a BA in political science from the University of California, Berkeley. She served as a Central Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Cambria G. Hamburg holds a MA in international affairs from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, where she focused on Southeast Asian studies and international economics. She has lived in Thailand and Laos studying civil society, gender, and development issues, and is the recipient of a Fulbright scholarship. She previously worked for the International Rescue Committee and the Council on Foreign Relations. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sinéad Hunt is currently studying at Yale Law School. She has previously worked for the Center for Strategic and International Studies and the Carter Center, researching human rights and postconflict reconstruction in Central and North Africa. She holds an MA in international relations from Yale University, with a focus on politics and conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. She served as a Central Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Toby Craig Jones is an assistant professor of Middle East history at Rutgers University. Previously, he was a visiting assistant professor and Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at Swarthmore College and the Persian Gulf analyst for the International Crisis Group. He has published in the International Journal of Middle East Studies, Middle East Report, Foreign Affairs, and Arab Reform Bulletin. He is the author of Desert Kingdom: How Oil and Water Forged Modern Saudi Arabia (Harvard University Press, 2010). He served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Karin Deutsch Karlekar is a senior researcher at Freedom House and the managing editor of Freedom House’s annual Freedom of the Press index. A specialist on media freedom trends and measurement indicators, she also developed the methodology for and edited the pilot edition of Freedom on the Net, Freedom House’s assessment of internet and digital media freedom. She has written South Asia reports for several Freedom House publications, and has been on research and advocacy missions to Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. She previously worked as a consultant for Human Rights Watch and as an editor at the Economist Intelligence Unit. She holds a PhD in Indian history from Cambridge University. She served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Bernd Kaussler is an assistant professor of political science at James Madison University, where he teaches courses on U.S. foreign policy, Middle East security, and international security and conflict management. He received his PhD in international relations from the University of St. Andrews, analyzing European Union human rights diplomacy toward Iran. As associate fellow at the Institute for Iranian Studies, he continues to be engaged in numerous projects on Iranian domestic politics and foreign policy. He served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sanja Kelly is a senior researcher at Freedom House and the managing editor of Freedom on the Net, Freedom House’s assessment of internet and digital media freedom. An expert on internet freedom, democratic governance, and women’s rights, she has also directed the research and production of Freedom House publications including Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa andCountries at the Crossroads. She is the author of numerous reports and articles on these topics, and has been on research assignments in the former Yugoslavia, the Caucasus, South and Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. She served as a Balkans analyst for Freedom in the World.

Alexandra Kendall is an analyst at the Congressional Research Service. Previously, she has worked with the Century Foundation researching African politics and foreign affairs, and has done field work in Senegal, Rwanda, and South Africa. She holds an MA is international relations from Yale University, with a focus on development and conflict in sub-Saharan Africa. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Daniel Kimmage is an independent consultant. Previously, he was a senior fellow at the Homeland Security Policy Institute in Washington, DC. He was also a regional analyst at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, where he focused on politics, business, and media issues in Central Asia and Russia. He coauthored Iraqi Insurgent Media: The War of Images and Ideas (2007) and authored The Al-Qaeda Media Nexus (2008). His work has appeared in the New York Times, the New Republic, Foreign Policy, and Slate. He holds an MA in Russian and Islamic history from Cornell University. He served as a Central Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Joshua Kurlantzick is a fellow for Southeast Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is the author of the upcoming book Democracy in Decline, to be published by Yale University Press in the spring of 2012. He served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.
Astrid Larson is the language center coordinator for the French Institute Alliance Française. She has served as an analyst for Western Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and the South Pacific for Freedom House’s Freedom of the Press survey. She received her MA in international media and culture from the New School University. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Timothy Longman is an associate professor of political science and director of the African Studies Center at Boston University. He has researched and published extensively on state-society relations, human rights, religion, and politics in Burundi, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and authored the book Christianity and Genocide in Rwanda. Prior to coming to Boston University, he taught for 13 years at Vassar College. He has served as a consultant for Human Rights Watch, the International Center for Transitional Justice, and USAID in Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo. He served as an East Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Eleanor Marchant is currently a researcher at the Programme in Comparative Media Law & Policy at Oxford University, where she is conducting a research project on the role of the diaspora and the media in conflict and peace building in Somalia. She formerly served as a program officer at the Media Development Loan Fund in New York and a visiting fellow at the Media Institute in Nairobi. A former research analyst and assistant editor of the Freedom of the Press survey at Freedom House, she received her MA in international relations from New York University, where she wrote her thesis on media and democratization in West Africa. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Edward R. McMahon holds a joint appointment as research associate professor in the Political Science Department and the Department of Community Development and Applied Economics at the University of Vermont. Previously, he was the Dean’s Professor of Applied Politics and the director of the Center on Democratic Performance at Binghamton University. He has also served as regional director for West, East, and Central Africa at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, and as a diplomat with the U.S. Department of State. He served as an East Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Alysson A. Oakley
specializes in monitoring and evaluation of democracy and governance programs at the International Republican Institute. She has lived in Indonesia (with postings to East Timor), where she worked for five years on political development with a focus on political parties and local legislatures. She holds an MA in international economics and Southeast Asian studies from Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, and a BA from Brown University. She is fluent in French and Indonesian. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Manuel Orozco is a senior associate and director of remittances and development at the Inter‐American Dialogue. He is also chair of Central America and the Caribbean at the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, as well as an adjunct professor and senior researcher at the Institute for the Study of International Migration at Georgetown University. He holds a PhD in political science from the University of Texas at Austin. He served as a Central America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Robert Orttung is assistant director of the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs, president of the Resource Security Institute, and a visiting scholar at the Center for Security Studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. He is a coeditor of the Russian Analytical Digest and the Caucasus Analytical Digest. He received his PhD in political science from the University of California–Los Angeles. He served as a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Ashwin Parulkar joined the Centre for Equity Studies in New Delhi in July 2011 as a researcher, writing on matters concerning social and economic exclusion in India, such as food insecurity, bonded labor, and homelessness. He has published in the World Policy Journal and has previously researched and written for UNICEF, ActionAid International, the International Service for Human Rights, and the International Food Policy Research Institute. He holds an MFA in creative writing and an MA in international relations from Syracuse University. He served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

José Raúl Perales is director for the Americas at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and an adjunct professor at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs. He has worked as a senior associate in the Latin American Program at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, DC, and has been a visiting researcher at several institutions throughout Latin America and Europe. His research interests include regional integration and economic development, international and domestic economic institutions, and political economy issues in the Southern Cone, the Caribbean, and Central America. He served as a Caribbean analyst for Freedom in the World.

Aili Piano is a senior researcher at Freedom House and the managing editor of Freedom in the World. She has been a country analyst for several Freedom House publications: Nations in Transit, a survey of democratization in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia; Countries at the Crossroads 2004, a survey of democratic governance; and Freedom of the Press.Previously, she worked as a diplomatic attaché at the Estonian Mission to the United Nations. She holds an MA from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. She served as a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Arch Puddington is director of research at Freedom House and coeditor of Freedom in the World. He has written widely on American foreign policy, race relations, organized labor, and the history of the Cold War. He is the author of Broadcasting Freedom: The Cold War Triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and Lane Kirkland: Champion of American Labor. He served as a North America analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sarah Repucci is an independent consultant based in New York. She has previously worked as a senior research coordinator at Transparency International and a senior researcher at Freedom House. She holds an MA in European studies from New York University. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Mark Y. Rosenberg is a PhD candidate in political science at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focuses on single-party dominance and the political economy of heterogeneous societies, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. He is a former researcher at Freedom House and assistant editor of Freedom in the World. He served as a Southern Africa and Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Tyler Roylance is a staff editor at Freedom House and is involved in a number of its publications. Previously, he worked as a senior editor for Facts On File’s World News Digest. He holds an MA in history from New York University. He served as a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.

Matthew Steel is a recent graduate of the African Comparative and Regional Studies program at American University’s School of International Service. He previously conducted research on Africa at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. He served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Jenny Town is a research associate at the U.S.-Korea Institute at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Previously, she worked for the Human Rights in North Korea Project at Freedom House. She holds an MA from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs, with a concentration in human rights. She served as an Asia analyst for Freedom in the World.

Vanessa Tucker is the assistant editor of Countries at the Crossroads, Freedom House’s annual survey of democratic governance. Prior to joining Freedom House, Vanessa worked at Harvard Kennedy School’s Women and Public Policy Program, at the Kennedy School’s Program on Intrastate Conflict, and as a graduate assistant for the Carter Center’s Democracy Program. She holds an MA in international relations from Yale University. She served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom in the World.

Daria Vaisman is a New York–based writer and producer. Her first book, a narrative nonfiction account of U.S. foreign policy in the former Soviet Union, will be published in 2011. She is also making a documentary on diplomatic recognition and sovereignty, which is currently in production. She holds an MA in international affairs from Columbia University. She served as a Caucasus analyst for Freedom in the World.

Peter VonDoeppis an associate professor of political science at the University of Vermont. A specialist in African politics, he has published numerous articles on democratization processes in Africa. He is also coeditor (with Leonardo Villalon) of and contributor to The Fate of Africa’s Democratic Experiments: Elites and Institutions. He has obtained research grants from the National Science Foundation and the Fulbright-Hays Program. He served as a Southern Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Christopher Walker is director of studies at Freedom House and coeditor of Countries at the Crossroads, Freedom House’s annual survey of democratic governance. He has written extensively on European and Eurasian political and security affairs. He holds an MA from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. He served as a Caucasus analyst for Freedom in the World.

Sonya Weston is a candidate for a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) at Tufts University’s Fletcher School. She has worked as a research assistant at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC, and for the International Foundation for Education and Self-Help in Guinea. She holds a BA in government from Lawrence University. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Greg White is a professor of government and the faculty director of the Global Studies Center at Smith College. The author of Climate Change and Migration: Borders and Security in a Warming World (Oxford University Press, 2011), he is a recipient of a Mellon Foundation New Directions Fellowship, as well as Fulbright-IIE and Fulbright-Hays scholarships to Tunisia and Morocco, respectively. He received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He served as a North Africa analyst for Freedom in the World.

Anny Wong is a political scientist with the RAND Corporation. Her research covers science and technology policy, international development, army manpower, and U.S. relations with states in the Asia-Pacific region. She holds a PhD in political science from the University of Hawaii at Manoa. She served as a Pacific Islands analyst for Freedom in the World.

Eliza B. Young is a research analyst and the assistant editor of Freedom in the World. She also writes on Western and Central Europe for the Freedom of the Press survey. She holds a BA in modern European history from Barnard College at Columbia University and an MA in international relations from King’s College London. She served as a Central Europe analyst for Freedom in the World.
 

Academic Advisers

David Becker is an emeritus professor of government at Dartmouth College.
John P. Entelisis a professor of political science and director of the Middle East Studies Program at Fordham University.
Robert Lane Greenewrites for theEconomist and is an adjunct assistant professor of global affairs at New York University.
John W. Harbeson is an emeritus professor of political science at the City University of New York and professorial lecturer at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.
Steven Heydemann is vice president of the Grant and Fellowship Program at the U.S. Institute of Peace.
David Holiday is the senior regional advocacy officer for the Latin America Program of the Open Society Foundations.
Thomas R. Lansner is an adjunct associate professor of international affairs at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs.
Peter Lewis is an associate professor and director of the African Studies Program at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.
Ellen Lust is an associate professor of political science at Yale University.
Rajan Menonis the Anne and Bernard Spitzer Chair Professor of Political Science at the City College of New York.
John S. Micgiel is an adjunct professor of international affairs and director of the East Central European Center at Columbia University.
Alexander J. Motylis a professor of political science at Rutgers University–Newark.
Andrew J. Nathan is the Class of 1919 Professor of Political Science at Columbia University.
Philip Oldenburg is an adjunct associate professor in the Department of Political Science and a research scholar at the South Asia Institute at Columbia University.
Martin Schain is a professor of politics at New York University.
Peter Sinnott is an independent scholar who has been working on Central Asia issues for more than 25 years.
Bridget Welsh is an associate professor of political science at Singapore Management University.
Coletta A. Youngers is an independent consultant specializing in human rights and democracy issues in Latin America and a senior fellow at the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA).
 

Production Team

Tyler Roylance, Line Editor
Ida Walker, Proofreader
Mark Wolkenfeld, Production Coordinator