Freedom in the World
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Freedom Rating (1 = best, 7 = worst)
Civil Liberties (1 = best, 7 = worst)
Political Rights (1 = best, 7 = worst)
The Mauritian economy was adversely affected in 2009 by the global recession and the expanding reach and incidence of piracy in the Indian Ocean. Meanwhile, Mauritius again was ranked highest among all African countries on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance.
The government has actively sought to promote itself as an economic gateway to Africa; Mauritius has reportedly attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities since independence in 1968, with the banking sector alone drawing more than $1 billion in investments. The World Bank’s 2010 report on the ease of doing business ranked Mauritius 17 out of 183 countries surveyed.However, real GDP growth declined from nearly 5 percent from 2005 to 2008 to approximately 2.5 percent in 2009. Although the Mauritian economy was adversely affected by the expanding reach and incidence of piracy in the Indian Ocean,the governmentdeclined to set up a facility to detain suspected pirates.
Mauritius is an electoral democracy. Since independence, Mauritius has regularly chosen its representatives in free, fair, and competitive elections. The head of state is a largely ceremonial president elected by the unicameral National Assembly for a five-year term. Executive power resides with the prime minister, who is appointed by the president from the party or coalition with the most seats in the legislature. Of the National Assembly’s 70 members, 62 are directly elected and 8 are appointed from among unsuccessful candidates who gained the largest number of votes; all members serve five-year terms.