This report was made possible by the generous support of the Achelis & Bodman Foundation, the Jyllands-Posten Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the William & Sheila Konar Foundation, the Lilly Endowment, and the Fritt Ord Foundation.
Research and Editorial Team
Christopher Brandt, Editor
Isabel Linzer, Research Associate
Shannon O’Toole, Managing Editor
Sarah Repucci, Senior Director for Research and Analysis
Tyler Roylance, Staff Editor
Nate Schenkkan, Director of Special Research
Amy Slipowitz, Research Coordinator
Mai Truong, Research Director for Management and Strategy
Caitlin Watson, Program Officer & Research and Advocacy Fellow, Latin America
Aalaa Abuzaakouk is a Middle East and North Africa (MENA) analyst and manages a leadership program for MENA undergraduate students at Georgetown University.
Elen Aghekyan is an independent researcher focusing on democracy and history in the Caucasus.
Celia Alexander is an independent researcher specializing in security policy, with a particular focus on the Middle East.
Ignacio Arana is a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Politics and Strategy at Carnegie Mellon University.
Bojan Baća is an Ernst Mach Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz, and research associate at the Global Digital Citizenship Lab, York University.
Angelita Baeyens is director of the international advocacy and litigation program at Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights and an adjunct professor of law at Georgetown University.
Ian Bateson is a journalist and Fulbright Scholar.
Bruno Binetti is a non-resident fellow at the Inter-American Dialogue.
Aljaž Pengov Bitenc is a Slovenian journalist, blogger, and podcaster. He is the editor-in-chief of Ljubljana-based Radio KAOS and regularly appears as a political commentator and analyst.
Gustavo Bonifaz Moreno is a senior researcher at Edelman Intelligence London and holds a PhD in Political Science from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Victoria Bucătaru is the executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Moldova.
Brett Carter is an assistant professor of international relations at the University of Southern California.
Sarah Cook is a senior research analyst at Freedom House and director of its China Media Bulletin.
Jack Corbett is a professor of politics at the University of Southampton.
Neil DeVotta is a professor of politics and international affairs at Wake Forest University.
Julian Dierkes teaches public policy and global affairs at the University of British Columbia.
Rose Dlougatch is a research assistant at Macquarie University.
Richard Downie is a senior associate with the Africa program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Howard Eissenstat is an associate professor of Middle East history at St. Lawrence University and a non-resident senior fellow at the Project on Middle East Democracy.
Daniel Eizenga is a postdoctoral fellow with the Centre FrancoPaix de la Chaire Raoul-Dandurand at the Université du Québec à Montréal.
Anthony Elghossain is a lawyer and writer based in Beirut, Lebanon.
Golnaz Esfandiari is a senior correspondent with Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
Jon Fraenkel is a professor of comparative politics in the School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Dustin Gilbreath is the deputy research director of CRRC-Georgia and communications manager at Transparify.
Frederick Golooba-Mutebi is a Rwanda- and Uganda-based independent researcher and newspaper columnist. He is also a research associate at the Overseas Development Institute.
Alyssa Maraj Grahame is a visiting assistant professor of government at Bowdoin College.
Liutauras Gudžinskas is an associate professor of comparative politics at the Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University and editor-in-chief of the Baltic Journal of Political Science.
Ted A. Henken is an associate professor of sociology and Latin American studies at Baruch College, City University of New York.
Hannah Hills is an associate at The Governance Group.
Jonathan Hulland is a senior program officer with the American Jewish World Service.
Niklas Hultin is an assistant professor of global affairs at George Mason University.
Harry Hummel is a policy advisor based in the Netherlands.
Iati Iati is a senior lecturer in the politics and international relations program and the Centre for Strategic Studies at Victoria University of Wellington.
Rico Isaacs is a reader in politics at Oxford Brookes University.
Faysal Itani is a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council and an adjunct professor of Middle East politics at George Washington University.
Kristen Kao is a postdoctoral research fellow with the Program on Governance and Local Development at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Valery Kavaleuski is affiliated with the Belarusian Institute of America.
Catherine Lena Kelly is an advisor in the research, evaluation, and learning division at the American Bar Association-Rule of Law Initiative. The views expressed in the report are her personal views and not those of ABA ROLI.
Nicholas Kerr is an assistant professor of political science at the University of Florida.
Jane Kinninmont is an analyst of Middle East politics and economies, based in London, and advises The Elders on conflict and peacebuilding.
Marko Kmezić is an assistant professor at the Centre for Southeast European Studies at the University of Graz, Austria.
Nirabh Koirala is a quantitative research assistant at the RAND Corporation.
Zsolt Körtvélyesi is an independent consultant specializing in Central and Eastern Europe.
Niklas Kossow is a PhD candidate at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.
Joshua Kurlantzick is a senior fellow for Southeast Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations.
Kelsey Lilley is a policy analyst for Yorktown Solutions.
Lone Lindholt is CEO of Lindholt Consult, operating globally in the field of human rights, law, and development.
Rafael A. Mangual is a fellow and deputy director of legal policy at the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research.
Philip Martin is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
David McGrane is an associate professor of political studies at St. Thomas More College and the University of Saskatchewan.
Mpumelelo Mkhabela is a fellow at the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation at the University of Pretoria.
Mushfiq Mohamed is a lawyer working with the Maldivian Democracy Network and a former public prosecutor in the Maldives.
Aurelien Mondon is a senior lecturer at the University of Bath.
Jasmin Mujanovic is an adjunct assistant professor of political science at Elon University.
Joachim Nahem is managing partner at The Governance Group.
Gareth Nellis is an assistant professor of political science at the University of California, San Diego.
Justus Nyang'aya is the executive director of LEAD Africa and an expert on governance, leadership, and social accountability.
Ibrahim Al-bakri Nyei is a PhD candidate in politics and international studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He is a columnist and commentator on political developments in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Robert Orttung is a research professor of international affairs at the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs.
Ana Pastor is a Spanish political analyst and journalist working for the human rights project Bridge Figures.
Robert Pekkanen is a professor at the Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington.
Nicole Phillips is a human rights and rule of law consultant and adjunct professor at the University of California Hastings College of Law.
Juvence F. Ramasy is a lecturer at the University of Toamasina, Madagascar.
Tyson Roberts is a lecturer in political science and international relations at the University of Southern California.
Marek Rybář is an associate professor of political science at Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic.
Mitchell A. Seligson is the Centennial Professor of Political Science at Vanderbilt University.
Michael Semple is a professor at the Senator George Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Security and Justice, Queen's University Belfast.
Debbie Sharnak is a lecturer at Harvard University.
Elton Skendaj is the Muir Associate Professor of Peace Studies at Manchester University in Indiana.
Olga Skrypnyk is head of the board of the Crimean Human Rights Group in Ukraine.
Nathan Stormont is an independent researcher.
Rachel Sweet is a postdoctoral scholar at Harvard University.
Farha Tahir is a program officer at the National Endowment for Democracy.
Jenny Town is a research analyst at the Henry L. Stimson Center and the managing editor of 38 North.
Noah Tucker is an associate for the Central Asia program at George Washington University and senior editor for RFE/RL's Uzbek service Ozodlik.
Romy Vasquez Morales is the president of Saranik y Asociados and a former ambassador of Panama to Canada.
Wouter Veenendaal is an assistant professor at the Institute of Political Science, Leiden University.
David Vivar is the academic coordinator for FLACSO-Honduras and a professor at the National Autonomous University of Honduras.
Gregory White is the Mary Huggins Gamble Professor and chair of Government at Smith College. He is a co-editor of the Journal of North African Studies.
Jessica White is an independent researcher focusing on democracy and technology in Latin America.
Pashtoon Atif is studying for a master of public policy at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.
Florian Bieber is a professor of Southeast European history and politics at the University of Graz, Austria.
Steve Coll is dean of the Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University and a staff writer at The New Yorker.
Sumit Ganguly is a Distinguished Professor of Political Science and holds the Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations at Indiana University, Bloomington.
Lane Greene is an editor and columnist at The Economist.
Ames C. Grawert is senior counsel at the John L. Neu Justice Council in the Justice Program at the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law.
Steven Heydemann is the Janet W. Ketcham Chair in Middle East Studies and a professor of government at Smith College.
Jan Kubik is a professor of Slavonic and East European studies at University College London and a professor in the Department of Political Science at Rutgers University.
Melissa Labonte is interim dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and an associate professor of political science at Fordham University.
Adrienne LeBas is an associate professor of government at the School of Public Affairs of American University in Washington, DC.
Peter M. Lewis is a professor at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies.
Adam Luedtke is an assistant professor of political science at City University of New York, Queensborough Community College.
Peter Mandaville is a professor of international affairs in the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University.
Richard R. Marcus is a professor and director of The Global Studies Institute and the international studies program at California State University, Long Beach.
Martha Minow is a professor at Harvard University. She was assisted by Gavin Duffy Gideon, a Harvard Law School student.
Alexander Motyl is a professor of political science at Rutgers University-Newark.
Alina Mungiu-Pippidi is chair of democracy studies at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.
Godfrey Musila is an adjunct professor at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies and a consultant based in Washington, DC.
Andrew J. Nathan is Class of 1919 Professor of Political Science at Columbia University.
Kuniaki Nemoto is an associate professor of political science at Musashi University, Tokyo, specializing in elections, parties and party systems, and legislative politics in Asia-Pacific democracies.
Susan L. Ostermann is an assistant professor of global affairs at the University of Notre Dame.
Bruce Pannier is a senior correspondent focusing on events in Central Asia at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
Scott Radnitz is an associate professor of international studies at the University of Washington.
Mausi Segun is the Africa director at Human Rights Watch.
Samer Shehata is the Colin and Patricia Molina de Mackey Associate Professor of Middle East Studies at the University of Oklahoma.
Scott Taylor is a professor and director of the African Studies Program at Georgetown University.
Bridget Welsh is an associate professor at John Cabot University.
Susanna D. Wing is an associate professor of political science at Haverford College.