Born: October 7, 1952 (age 63)
Years in power: Prime Minister, 1999–2000; President, 2000–2008; Prime Minister, 2008– 2012; President, 2012– present
Family: According to Reuters, in 2013 Putin’s daughter Katerina Tikhonova married Kirill Shamalov, a vice president at the gas and petrochemical processor Sibur and the son of close Putin associate Nikolay Shamalov. In September 2014, Kirill Shamalov acquired an additional 17 percent of Sibur, increasing his total stake to 21.3 percent, worth an estimated $2.85 billion. Tikhonova holds a high position at Moscow State University and is helping to direct a $1.7 billion project for the expansion of its campus.
Born: August 30, 1954 (age 61)
Years in power: President, 1994–present
Family: Lukashenka has two sons with his estranged wife Galina Lukashenka, Viktor and Dmitriy. Viktor is reportedly a national security aide engaged in overseeing Belarus’s lucrative fertilizer exports, while Dmitriy is a businessman and head of the Presidential Sports Club. Another son, Nikolay or “Kolya,” has been attending political functions with his father since 2008, when he was just four years old. He has attended meetings with former Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez, Armenian leader Serzh Sargsyan, Pope Benedict XVI, current Russian president Vladimir Putin, and then president Dmitriy Medvedev, who gave him a golden pistol.
Sources: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Belarus in Focus
Born: July 6, 1940 (age 75)
Years in power: First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, 1989–91; President of Kazakhstan, 1991–present
Family: Daughter Dariga Nazarbayeva has served as a lawmaker and deputy speaker of the parliament’s lower house. She became deputy prime minister in September 2015, and is also an amateur opera singer. Dariga’s son Nurali Aliyev served as deputy mayor of Astana, the capital, before stepping down in March 2016. Her other son, Aisultan Nazarbayev, works in Kazakhstan’s Defense Ministry. Kanye West performed at Aisultan’s wedding in 2013.
Nazarbayev’s second daughter, Dinara, is married to Timur Kulibayev, previously the chairman of the state holding company Samruk-Kazyna. Through the con-glomerate Almex they control a majority stake in the country’s most profitable bank, Halyk. They are number 2 on the 2016 Forbes Billionaires List for Kazakhstan, with a net worth of $2.1 billion.
Nazarbayev promoted his nephew Samat Abish to the position of first deputy chairman of the National Security Committee (KNB) in December 2015.
Sources: Halyk Bank, Forbes, Eurasianet
Born: October 5, 1952 (age 63)
Years in power: head of state, 1992–94; President, 1994–present
Family: Rahmon’s daughter, Ozoda Emomali, previously first deputy foreign minister, was appointed her father’s chief of staff in January 2016. Her husband, Jamoliddin Nuraliev, is first deputy chairman of the National Bank of Tajikistan. Rahmon appointed his 28-year-old son, Rustam Emomali, as head of the state anticorruption agency in 2015. Rustam has also run Tajikistan’s Customs Agency and served as a member of the Dushanbe City Council and leader of Tajikistan’s Football Federation.
Rahmon’s brother-in-law Hasan Asadullozoda owns the country’s most important business, the aluminum plant TALCO.
Rahmon’s son-in-law Ashraf Gulov is Tajikistan’s consul general to the Russian Federation. Another son-in-law is trade representative to Britain. Rahmon’s nephew, Sirojiddin Gulmorodov, is chief of the tax service in his native Khatlon Province.
Sources: Eurasianet, National Bank of Tajikistan, Asia Plus
Born: January 30, 1938 (age 78)
Years in power: First Secretary of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, 1989–91; President of Uzbekistan, 1991–present
Family: Karimov’s eldest daughter, Gulnara Karimova, has held several diplomatic positions, including ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva and deputy foreign minister. She was also known as a businesswoman and pop singer. Previously rumored to be a possible successor to her father, Karimova has been under house arrest since February 2014 as part of an embezzlement case in which she is accused of taking more than $1 billion in bribes for access to Uzbekistan’s telecommunications sector.
Karimov’s second daughter, Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva, is Uzbekistan’s ambassador to UNESCO and the head of several major charities. She and her husband have purchased homes worth tens of millions of dollars in California and Switzerland. In 2011, she sued a French website for libel after it called her a “dictator’s daughter.” She lost the case.
Sources: Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), New York Times, Daily Mail
Born: June 29, 1957 (age 58)
Years in power: President, 2006–present
Family: Although Berdimuhamedow’s grandson, Kerimguly, has appeared alongside his grandfather on state television several times, there is also speculation that the president is grooming his son, Serdar, to succeed him.
Source: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
Born: December 24, 1961 (age 54)
Years in power: President, 2003–present
Family: Aliyev has been married to Mehriban Aliyeva since 1983. She has served as the president of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation since its creation in 2004, deputy chairperson of the ruling New Azerbaijan Party since 2013, and a member of parliament since 2005. She is also a longtime member of the Executive Committee of the National Olympic Committee of Azerbaijan and was chairperson of the Organizing Committee for the 2015 European Games in Baku.
The Aliyevs have three children: Leyla, Arzu, and Heydar. According to OCCRP reporting, they own real estate in Dubai worth about $75 million. Heydar alone bought nine waterfront mansions in Dubai totaling $44 million in 2010, when he was just 11 years old. OCCRP also found that Leyla and Arzu Aliyeva own or are closely connected to at least six five-star hotels in Baku, as well as two mountain resorts.
The Aliyev family controls assets worth more than $3 billion in at least eight major Azerbaijani banks, in addition to stakes in the telecommunications, construction, transportation, mining, gas, and oil sectors.