People in Kabul, Afghanistan. Editorial credit: Truba7113 /


Afghanistan’s constitution provides for a unitary state, headed by a directly elected president, with significant checks from the parliament and a wide range of rights guaranteed to citizens. However, an insurgency waged by Islamist militants has undermined the writ of the state in much of the rural hinterland. Political rights and civil liberties are curtailed in practice by violence, corruption, patronage, and flawed electoral processes.

FIW Hong Kong hero photo

Freedom in the World — Afghanistan Country Report

Afghanistan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.