People in Vienna, Austria. Editorial credit: Ratikova /


Austria has a democratic system of government that guarantees political rights and civil liberties. It has frequently been governed by a grand coalition of the center-left Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ), and the center-right Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP). However, in recent years, the political system has faced pressure from the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), a right-wing, populist party that openly entertains nationalist and xenophobic sentiments. The FPÖ entered the Austrian government in coalition with the ÖVP in 2017.

FIW Hong Kong hero photo

Freedom in the World — Austria Country Report

Austria is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.