People in Brussels, Belgium. Editorial credit: CapturePB /


Belgium is an electoral democracy with a long record of peaceful transfers of power. Political rights and civil liberties are legally guaranteed and largely respected in practice. Major concerns in recent years have included the threat of terrorism as well as corruption scandals that have unsettled the country’s complex governing coalitions.

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Freedom in the World — Belgium Country Report

Belgium is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.