People in Brussels, Belgium. Editorial credit: CapturePB /


Belgium is a stable electoral democracy with a long record of peaceful transfers of power. Political rights and civil liberties are legally guaranteed and largely respected. Major concerns in recent years have included the threat of terrorism, corruption scandals, and rising right-wing nationalism and xenophobia.

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Belgium Country Report

Belgium is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.