People in San Salvador, El Salvador. Editorial credit: bumihills /

El Salvador

Elections in El Salvador are largely credible and free. However, corruption is a serious problem that undermines democracy and rule of law, and violence remains a grave problem. Authorities have pursued a harsh, militarized response to the country’s gangs, resulting in allegations of abuse. The country has a lively press and civil society sector, though journalists risk harassment and violence in connection with work related to gang activity or corruption.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — El Salvador Country Report

El Salvador is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.