People in Djenne, Mali. Editorial credit: Quick Shot / Shutterstock.com

Mali

Mali experienced a political transition away from authoritarian rule beginning in the early 1990s, and gradually built up its democratic institutions for about 20 years. However, the country displayed characteristics of state fragility along the way that eventually contributed to a 2012 military coup, and a rebellion in northern Mali that erupted the same year. Though constitutional rule was restored and a peace agreement signed in the north in 2015, the events have left an enduring situation of insecurity.

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Freedom in the World — Mali Country Report

Mali is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.