Mali experienced a political transition away from authoritarian rule beginning in the early 1990s and gradually built up its democratic institutions for about 20 years. However, the country displayed characteristics of state fragility that eventually contributed to a 2012 military coup and a rebellion in northern Mali that erupted the same year. Though constitutional rule was restored and a peace agreement signed in the north in 2015, insecurity and political tensions persisted in the years that followed, culminating in two military coups in 2020 and 2021.
Freedom in the World — Mali Country Report
Mali is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.
News & Perspectives on Mali
The Coronavirus Takes Aim at Electoral Democracy
March 30, 2020
An Explainer for When the Internet Goes Down: What, Who, and Why?
July 29, 2019
Mali: Officials Violently Respond to Protests
August 17, 2016
The Danger of State Abuses After West African Terrorist Attacks
March 22, 2016
Three Years After Coup Mali Still Recovering
March 19, 2015