Panama Bay, Panama.  Editorial credit: Rob Crandall /


Panama’s political institutions are democratic, with competitive elections and orderly rotations of power. Freedoms of expression and association are generally respected. However, corruption and impunity are serious challenges, affecting the justice system and the highest levels of government.

Bernardo Arevalo supporters cheer after their presidential victory in Guatemala.

Freedom in the World — Panama Country Report

Panama is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2024, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.