Panama Bay, Panama.  Editorial credit: Rob Crandall / Shutterstock.com

Panama

Panama’s political institutions are democratic, with competitive elections and orderly rotations of power. Freedoms of expression and association are generally respected. However, corruption and impunity are serious challenges, affecting the justice system and the highest levels of government. Discrimination against racial minorities is common, and Indigenous groups have struggled to uphold their legal rights with respect to land and development projects.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Panama Country Report

Panama is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.