People in Hargeisa, Somaliland. Editorial credit: Free Wind 2014 /


Elections in Somaliland—whose self-declared independence from Somalia is not internationally recognized—have been relatively free and fair, but years-long delays have meant that elected officials at all levels serve well beyond their original mandates. Journalists face pressure from authorities. Minor clans are subject to political and economic marginalization, and violence against women remains a serious problem.

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Freedom in the World — Somaliland Country Report

Somaliland is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

* Indicates a territory as opposed to an independent country.