People in Madrid, Spain. Editorial credit: Vivvi Smak / Shutterstock.com

Spain

Spain’s parliamentary system features competitive multiparty elections and peaceful transfers of power between rival parties. The rule of law prevails, and civil liberties are generally respected. Although political corruption remains a concern, high-ranking politicians and other powerful figures have been successfully prosecuted. Restrictive legislation adopted in recent years poses a threat to otherwise robust freedoms of expression and assembly. A persistent separatist movement in Catalonia represents the leading challenge to the country’s constitutional system and territorial integrity.

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Freedom in the World — Spain Country Report

Spain is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.