People in Madrid, Spain. Editorial credit: Vivvi Smak /


Spain’s parliamentary system features competitive multiparty elections and peaceful transfers of power between rival parties. The rule of law prevails, and civil liberties are generally respected. Although political corruption remains a concern, high-ranking politicians and other powerful figures have been successfully prosecuted. Restrictive legislation adopted in recent years poses a threat to otherwise robust freedoms of expression and assembly. A persistent separatist movement in Catalonia represents the leading challenge to the country’s constitutional system and territorial integrity.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Spain Country Report

Spain is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.