FOTP 2013 Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements for the Freedom of the Press 2013 report
The extensive work undertaken to produce Freedom of the Press 2013 was made possible by the generous support of the Leon Levy Foundation, the Jyllands-Posten Foundation, the Hurford Foundation, and the Nicholas B. Ottaway Foundation. Freedom House also gratefully acknowledges the contributions of Free Press Unlimited, Google, the Lilly Endowment, the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, and Freedom Forum.
Research and Editorial Team
Karin Deutsch Karlekar served as the project director of Freedom of the Press 2013. Overall guidance for the project was provided by Arch Puddington, vice president for research, and Vanessa Tucker, director for analysis. Extensive research, editorial, analytical, and administrative assistance was provided by Jennifer Dunham and Bret Nelson, as well as by Zselyke Csaky, Morgan Huston, Andrew Rizzardi, and Tyler Roylance. We would also like to thank our consultant writers and advisers and other members of the survey team for their contributions.
Ben Akoh is an expert on media and technology policy. He conducts research and undertakes capacity-building initiatives on internet public policy in Africa and globally, and is involved in various capacities in national and regional internet-governance processes. He is an instructor at the University of Manitoba, where his research explores the nexus of education, culture, and the internet. Akoh also has been involved in various media-development initiatives in Africa. He has worked with the Soros Foundation’s Open Society Initiative for West Africa, the UN Economic Commission for Africa, the International Institute for Sustainable Development, and in the private sector. He served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Tehilla Shwartz Altshuler is a research fellow at the Israel Democracy Institute (IDI), where she heads projects on media reform and open government. She holds an LLB and PhD from the law faculty at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and spent a postdoctoral year at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. During 2011, Altshuler headed the research and development department of the Second Authority for Radio and Television, the Israeli media regulator. Altshuler’s main academic interests are media and telecommunications regulation, and she has published and edited numerous articles, policy papers, and books on matters of media and new media policy. She served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Rozina Ali is a senior editor at the Cairo Review of Global Affairs, based in Egypt, and was previously an editor at the Economist Intelligence Unit. She received her master’s degree in international affairs from Columbia University, where she focused on Middle East studies, and her bachelor’s from Swarthmore College. She served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Karen Attiah is a freelance journalist and has written for the Associated Press, the Huffington Post, and other outlets. She received her master’s degree in international affairs from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs, concentrating in human rights and international media. In 2008 Attiah was a Fulbright Scholar to Ghana, where she studied the role of citizen participation in call-in radio shows during the Ghanaian elections, and has also studied the role of social media within African media organizations. She graduated from Northwestern University with a bachelor’s degree in communication studies and African studies. She served as a sub-Saharan Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Dawood Azami is a journalist who has worked for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) World Service in London for 14 years. He also worked as the BBC World Service bureau chief and editor in Kabul, Afghanistan, in 2010 and 2011. Azami is a visiting lecturer at the University of Westminster, London, and specializes in international relations, conflict studies, and media and culture. He was selected as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum in 2011, and in 2009 was the youngest person ever to win the BBC’s Global Reith Award for Outstanding Contribution. He served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Anna Borshchevskaya is communications director at the American Islamic Congress and a fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy, where she focuses on the former Soviet Union and the Middle East. Previously, she was assistant director at the Atlantic Council’s Eurasia Center. She holds a master’s degree in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, and has published in the Mediterranean Quarterly, Turkish Policy Quarterly, and Middle East Quarterly, and at Washingtonpost.com, CNN.com, FoxNews.com, and Forbes.com. She regularly provides translation and analysis for the Foreign Military Studies Office at Fort Leavenworth. She served as a Eurasia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Luis Manuel Botello is the senior director of special projects at the International Center for Journalists (ICFJ). He worked for 10 years as ICFJ’s Latin America program director and launched its International Journalism Network (IJNet), an online media-assistance news service. He has worked in more than 20 Latin American countries on issues related to digital media innovation, specialty reporting, press freedom, and ethics. He is a regular on-air media analyst at CNN Español, NTN24, and Al-Jazeera. He previously worked as a journalist for Televisora Nacional in Panama. He was a Fulbright Scholar at Louisiana State University’s Manship School of Mass Communication, where he received his master’s degree in mass communications. He served as a Central America analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Lisa Brooten is an associate professor in the Department of Radio, Television and Digital Media at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. Her research focuses on media reform and democratization, local and global social-movement media, community media, indigenous media, human rights, gender and militarization, and interpretive, critical research methods, particularly in Southeast Asia, where she has lived and conducted fieldwork for many years. Currently, she is completing a comparison of media reform efforts in Thailand, the Philippines, and Burma funded in the initial stages by a 2008 Fulbright Research Fellowship. She is also a member of the Fulbright Specialist Roster for Burma/Myanmar, Thailand, and the Philippines. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom in the Press.
Sarah Cook is a senior research analyst for East Asia at Freedom House. She manages the team that produces the China Media Bulletin, a biweekly news digest of press freedom developments related to China. She previously served as assistant editor of Freedom House’s Freedom on the Net index, which assesses internet and digital media freedom around the world. She coedited the English version of Chinese attorney Gao Zhisheng’s memoir, A China More Just, and was a delegate to the UN Human Rights Commission for an organization working on religious freedom in China. She received a master’s degree in politics and a master of laws degree in public international law from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, where she was a Marshall Scholar. She served as an East Asia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Zselyke Csaky is a research analyst for Nations in Transit, Freedom House’s annual report on democratic governance from Central Europe to Eurasia. She served previously as a researcher for Freedom of the Press. Prior to joining Freedom House, she worked for the Hungarian and U.S. offices of Amnesty International. She holds a master’s degree in international relations and European studies and a postgraduate degree in human rights from the Central European University. She served as an Eastern and Western Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Melanie Dominski is a program manager at the Center for Peacebuilding in Sanski Most, Bosnia and Herzegovina, a local organization focused on reconciliation work, where she is responsible for fundraising efforts, as well as the monitoring and evaluation of all programs. Previously, she served as a program officer for the Global Freedom of Expression Campaign at Freedom House. She holds a master’s degree in international affairs, with a thematic concentration in human security and development and a regional concentration in Europe and Eurasia, from the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. She served as an Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Jennifer Dunham is a senior research analyst for Freedom in the World and Freedom of the Press at Freedom House. Previously, she was the managing editor and Africa writer for Facts On File World News Digest. She holds a bachelor’s degree in history-sociology from Columbia University and a master’s degree in international relations from New York University, where she wrote her thesis on transitional justice in Rwanda and Sierra Leone. She served as a Southern Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Sarah Giaziri is the Middle East and North Africa program officer at the Rory Peck Trust. The trust supports freelance newsgatherers and their families worldwide in times of need, raises their profile, promotes their welfare and safety, and supports their right to report freely and without fear. Her areas of focus include Syria and Libya following the uprisings in both countries. She holds a degree in international relations, a master’s degree in human rights, and a postgraduate degree in law. She practiced law for five years, focusing on human rights issues arising out of extradition and international crime cases. She served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Thomas W. Gold is the director of strategic initiatives and external affairs at the Research Alliance for New York City Schools at New York University. He is a former assistant professor of comparative politics at Sacred Heart University and the author of The Lega Nord and Contemporary Politics in Italy. He received a PhD in political science from the New School for Social Research and a Fulbright Fellowship to conduct research in Italy. He served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Sylvana Habdank-Kołaczkowska is the project director of Nations in Transit, Freedom House’s annual report on democratic governance from Central Europe to Eurasia. She also writes reports on Central Europe for the Freedom in the World report. Previously, she was the managing editor of the Journal of Cold War Studies, a peer-reviewed quarterly. She holds a master’s degree from Harvard University in regional studies of Eastern Europe and Eurasia, and a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of California, Berkeley. She served as a Central Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Summer Harlow is a PhD candidate in journalism at the University of Texas at Austin. An Inter-American Foundation Grassroots Development Fellow conducting her dissertation research on the digital evolution of activist media in El Salvador, she is a journalist with more than 10 years of experience. She has reported and blogged from the United States and Latin America, covering immigration, city government, transportation, minority affairs, and press freedom issues. Her main research inquiries are related to the links between journalism and activism, with an emphasis on Latin America, digital media, alternative media, and international communication. She served as an Americas analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Deborah Horan spent more than a decade covering the Middle East, including Iraq, Iran, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan, as a correspondent for the Chicago Tribune and the Houston Chronicle. In 2002, she was a Knight Wallace Journalism Fellow at the University of Michigan, where she studied the rise of the satellite network Al-Jazeera. She joined the Tribune in 2002 and covered the American Muslim immigrant community and the Iraq war in 2003 and 2004. She is currently based in Washington, DC, where she works as a freelance writer and consultant. She served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Sallie Hughes is an interdisciplinary communications scholar with a specialization in Latin America, the Caribbean, and their diasporas. She is the coauthor of the book Making a Life in Multi-Ethnic Miami: Immigration and the Rise of a Global City and author of Newsrooms in Conflict: Journalism and the Democratization of Mexico. She recently joined the editorial board of the International Journal of Press/Politics and is the program track chair for mass media and popular culture for the 2014 Congress of the Latin American Studies Association. She teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in the Department of Journalism and Media Management and the Latin American Studies Program at the University of Miami. She served as an Americas analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Michael Johnson holds a bachelor’s degree in political science–history from Rutgers University and a master’s degree in international affairs from the School of International Service at American University. Prior to working at Freedom House, he had a one-year fellowship at the U.S. Department of Commerce in the Bureau of Industry and Security. His most recent research had examined China’s rise as a global power and its military modernization efforts. He served as an Asia-Pacific analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Karin Deutsch Karlekar is project director of Freedom of the Press. She has conducted research and advocacy missions on press freedom, human rights, and governance issues to a number of countries in Africa and South Asia, and has written reports for several Freedom House publications. In addition, she speaks and publishes widely on press freedom, new media, and media indicators, and developed the methodology for Freedom House’s Freedom on the Net index. Currently, she also serves as a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Informed Societies. She holds a PhD in Indian history from Cambridge University and previously worked at the Economist Intelligence Unit and as a consultant for Human Rights Watch. She served as a South Asia and Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Mark A. Keller is deputy editor at the Latin Trade Group in Miami. His work focuses on the company’s market intelligence and research arm, providing insight into business, economic, and political developments relevant to businesses operating in Latin America. Previously he worked as a research intern at Freedom House, and an editorial associate at Americas Society/Council of the Americas. He holds a master’s degree in Latin American studies from the University of Oxford, where his work focused on Brazil and the Southern Cone, and a bachelor’s degree in history from Columbia University. He served as an Americas analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Alex Kendall is a manager at the international consultancy Global Health Strategies (GHS). Prior to joining GHS, she spent two years in Washington, DC, as the global health policy analyst for the Congressional Research Service, where she provided analysis on issues related to global health, gender-based violence, and postconflict and disaster reconstruction efforts for members of the House and Senate. She has also worked in the field on programs related to women’s health, HIV/AIDS, sexual violence, human trafficking, and youth education in Haiti, Senegal, Rwanda, South Africa, and Cambodia. She holds a master’s degree in international relations from Yale University. She served as a West Africa and Caribbean analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Amy Killian is a master’s candidate at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Previously, she worked with the Liberty Institute of New Delhi, expanding their Empowering India initiative to improve transparency in Indian elections. She is a former staff member of Freedom House and has worked on its Southeast Asia, exchanges, and advocacy programs. Prior to joining Freedom House, she was a fellow with Kiva Microfunds in Cambodia. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Andrew Konove received his PhD in history from Yale University in 2013, with a concentration in Latin American studies. His research focuses on politics, economics, and the development of the public sphere in Latin America. He conducted field research as a Fox Fellow at the Colegio de México in Mexico City from 2009 to 2010, and has studied in Brazil and Spain. His writing has appeared in the National Interest and the blog Avenida América. Prior to pursuing his PhD, he worked at the Federal Trade Commission in Washington, DC, and Servicios Financieros Alternativos, a microfinance institution in Oaxaca, Mexico. He served as an Americas analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Holiday Dmitri Kumar is a researcher and journalist based in New York City. She previously served as research director for Tony Snow at Fox News and as senior media manager at the Cato Institute in Washington. She holds a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism, a master’s in political sociology from the University of Chicago, and a master’s in international affairs from the New School University in New York City. She served as an Asia-Pacific and a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Astrid Larson is the Language Center administrative director at the French Institute Alliance Française. She holds a master’s degree in international affairs from the New School University and a bachelor’s degree from Smith College. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Alexander Lupis is a journalist and human rights researcher. During the 1990s, he worked for the International Organization for Migration, the Open Society Institute, Human Rights Watch, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, focusing on human rights issues in the former Yugoslavia. More recently, he worked as the Europe and Central Asia program coordinator at the Committee to Protect Journalists, focusing on the former Soviet republics, followed by a one-year fellowship in Moscow at the Russian Union of Journalists. He served as a Eurasia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Ekaterina Lysova is a human rights lawyer who holds a PhD in law from Far Eastern State University. She spent five years working as a media lawyer for the Press Development Institute and for the IREX Media Program in Vladivostok and Moscow. She was a full-time researcher at the University of Cologne’s Institute for East European Law and a research consultant for the Moscow Media Policy & Law Institute, and recently graduated from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. She served as a Eurasia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Katherin Machalek is a freelance researcher and analyst specializing in the South Caucasus. She previously worked on Freedom House’s Nations in Transit report, and has published numerous articles on the region. When she is not working as an analyst, she helps civil society organizations in Russia and Ukraine with information and communication issues for the Geneva-based Human Rights Information and Documentation Systems (HURIDOCS). She holds a master’s degree in political science from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She served as a Caucasus analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Eleanor Marchant is a PhD student at the Annenberg School for Communications at the University of Pennsylvania, specializing in political communications and new technology in Africa. She is also a research associate at the Center for Global Communication Studies, where she advises on African and transnational media research projects. Previously, she worked at the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy at Oxford University, the Media Development Investment Fund, and the Media Institute in Nairobi, and as assistant editor for Freedom of the Press. She received a master’s degree in international relations from New York University. She served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Roozbeh Mirebrahimi is an Iranian journalist and writer, and has worked as a reporter, political editor, or columnist for several Iranian newspapers. He is a founder and editor in chief of a Persian-language magazine, Iran in the World, and has also written several books about Iran. In 2006, he received the Hellman/Hammett International prize from Human Rights Watch, which acknowledged his work and perseverance. He was named the first International Journalist in Residence at the CUNY Graduate School of Journalism in 2007, and in 2010–11 he was a visiting scholar at New York University’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute. He served as a Middle East analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Karina Mirochnik is a journalist and a researcher specializing in Latin American politics. She holds a master’s degree in international relations from New York University and a master’s degree in communications from the University of Buenos Aires. She has worked as a producer and writer at VME Media, Dow Jones, and MTV News Latino, among other media outlets. Previously, she was a reporter and congressional correspondent in Argentina. She served as a South America analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Peter G. Mwesige is executive director of the African Centre for Media Excellence (ACME) in Kampala, Uganda. A holder of a PhD in mass communication from Indiana University and a master’s degree in journalism and mass communication from the American University in Cairo, he was until November 2007 the head of the Department of Mass Communication at Kampala’s Makerere University. He has previously worked as a reporter, news editor, political editor, and political columnist, including positions as executive editor of the Daily Monitor and group training editor of the Nation Media Group in Kampala. He served as an East Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Caroline Nellemann is an international consultant specializing in digital media and democratization. Previously she has worked for Freedom House, the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, the Danish Aid Agency, and the Danish Ministry for Science, Technology, and Innovation. She holds a master’s degree in international development from Roskilde University, Denmark. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Bret Nelson is a research analyst for Freedom in the World and Freedom of the Press at Freedom House. He holds a master’s degree in political science from Fordham University and a master’s degree in Middle East studies from the Graduate Center, CUNY. He served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Folu Ogundimu is a professor in the School of Journalism and the College of Communication Arts and Sciences at Michigan State University (MSU), East Lansing. He is coeditor of Media and Democracy in Africa. He is a faculty excellence adviser for the College of Communication Arts and Sciences and core faculty of the African Studies Center and the Center for Advanced Study of International Development. He has also served as a senior research associate for Afrobarometer and the Center for Democracy and Development, Ghana; a research associate for the Globalization Research Center on Africa, UCLA; and a visiting professor at the University of Lagos, Nigeria. He served as a West Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Shannon O’Toole is an editor and writer at Facts On File World News Digest, where she covers Eastern Europe, Russia, and the Balkans. She is also a contributor to Freedom House’s Freedom in the World report. She received a bachelor’s degree in history and anthropology from the University of Missouri, Columbia. She served as a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Abha Parekh is a master’s candidate at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. Previously, she was a research fellow at the Observer Research Foundation in Mumbai, working on urban development and environmental protection issues. She has also worked with the UN Mission in Kosovo, the Clinton Foundation, the Centre for Civil Society in New Delhi, and Freedom House, where she assisted in producing Freedom on the Net 2011. She served as a South Asia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Arch Puddington is vice president for research at Freedom House and coeditor of Freedom in the World. He has written widely on American foreign policy, race relations, organized labor, and the history of the Cold War. He is the author of Broadcasting Freedom: The Cold War Triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and Lane Kirkland: Champion of American Labor. He served as the United States analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Mara Revkin is a JD candidate at Yale Law School and former Fulbright Fellow in Jordan and Oman. She previously served as assistant director of the Atlantic Council’s Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East and as a junior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her current research projects focus on constitutional design, informal Sharia courts, and the Islamization of customary law in North Sinai, where she conducted field research in August 2013. Her writing has appeared in the Washington Post, Foreign Affairs, the Atlantic, and Foreign Policy. She served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Tom Rhodes is a freelance journalist and East Africa representative for the Committee to Protect Journalists. He is also the cofounder of South Sudan’s first independent newspaper, the Juba Post, and continues to support journalist training initiatives in the region. Holding a master’s degree in African studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, he has resided and worked in the East Africa region for over seven years. He served as an East Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Andrew Rizzardi is a researcher with Freedom House working extensively on press freedom issues. He holds a master’s degree in international affairs from American University’s School of International Studies. He served as an Americas, Asia-Pacific, and sub-Saharan Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
David Robie is associate professor of journalism in the School of Communication Studies at New Zealand’s Auckland University of Technology and director of the Pacific Media Centre. He holds a master’s degree in journalism from the University of Technology, Sydney, and a PhD in history/politics from the University of the South Pacific, Fiji. He is founding editor of Pacific Journalism Review and convener of Pacific Media Watch, and has written several books on Pacific media, including Mekim Nius: South Pacific Media, Politics, and Education. He also publishes the media freedom blog Café Pacific. He served as an Asia-Pacific analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Mark Y. Rosenberg is a senior Africa analyst at Eurasia Group, focusing on the Southern Africa region. Previously, he worked as a researcher at Freedom House and assistant editor of Freedom in the World. His opinion articles have appeared in the New York Times, the Jerusalem Post, and Business Day (South Africa), and his research has been cited by publications including the Economist and the Financial Times. He received a master’s degree and a PhD in political science from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellow. He served as a Southern Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Tyler Roylance is a staff editor at Freedom House and is involved in a number of its publications. He holds a master’s degree in history from New York University. He served as a Central and Eastern Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Laura Schneider is a PhD candidate at the Research Center for Media and Communication of the University of Hamburg, and a media freedom and social-media expert at the International Media Center Hamburg. She works as a freelance journalist for several German media outlets and has worked as a radio and newspaper reporter in Mexico. At the International Media Center Hamburg, she is the project coordinator of the Latin American Media Program. She also works as a consultant for Deutsche Welle Academy and UNESCO. She completed her bachelor’s and master’s degrees in communication science, journalism, and Latin American studies at the Universities of Hamburg, Guadalajara (Mexico), and Sydney. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Hyunjin Seo is assistant professor and Docking Young Faculty Scholar in the William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications at the University of Kansas. She has published research studies in the areas of digital media, international journalism, and strategic communication. Prior to receiving her PhD from Syracuse University, she was a foreign affairs correspondent for South Korean and international media outlets. During that time, she traveled extensively to cover major international events including six-party talks on North Korea’s nuclear issues and UN and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit meetings. She served as an Asia-Pacific analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Janet Steele is an associate professor of journalism in the School of Media and Public Affairs at George Washington University. She received her PhD in history from Johns Hopkins University and has taught courses on the theory and practice of journalism in Southeast and South Asia as a Fulbright senior scholar and lecturer. Her book, Wars Within: The Story of Tempo, an Independent Magazine in Soeharto’s Indonesia, focuses on Tempo magazine and its relationship with the politics and culture of New Order–era Indonesia. She served as a Southeast Asia analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Nicole Stremlau is coordinator of the program in comparative media law and policy at the University of Oxford, where she is also a research fellow in the Centre of Socio-Legal Studies. She holds a PhD from the London School of Economics in development studies. Her research focuses on media policy during and in the aftermath of guerrilla struggles in the Horn of Africa. She served as an East Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Kai Thaler is a PhD student in the Department of Government at Harvard University with a focus on comparative politics and international relations in Africa, Latin America, and the Lusophone countries. He is an affiliated researcher of the Portuguese Institute of International Relations and Security (IPRIS) and has been a consultant for Handicap International, a researcher at the Centre for Social Science Research at the University of Cape Town, and a DGARQ/FLAD Research Fellow at the Portuguese national archives. He holds a master’s degree in sociology from the University of Cape Town and a bachelor’s degree in political science from Yale University. He served as a sub-Saharan Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Leigh Tomppert is an independent researcher specializing in gender, human rights, and development issues. She currently works with the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) as a policy consultant in the Women’s Economic Empowerment Section. She previously coedited Freedom House’s Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa publication and has also written for Freedom in the World. She received master’s degrees in comparative and cross-cultural research methods from the University of Sussex and in the social sciences from the University of Chicago. She served as an Americas analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Mai Truong is a staff editor and research analyst for Freedom on the Net at Freedom House. Previously, she was the editor in chief of the Yale Journal of International Affairs and worked as a research assistant for a Yale-based project that studied women’s rights to land and other property in East Africa. She holds a bachelor’s degree in international studies–sociology from the University of California, San Diego, and a master’s degree in international relations from the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs at Yale University. She served as an East Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Vanessa Tucker is vice president for analysis at Freedom House. She was previously the project director of Countries at the Crossroads, Freedom House’s annual report on democratic governance in 70 strategically important countries around the world. Prior to joining Freedom House, she managed the Program on Intrastate Conflict at Harvard Kennedy School, and has also worked at the Kennedy School’s Women and Public Policy Program. She holds a bachelor’s degree in international development from McGill University and a master’s degree in international relations from Yale University. She served as a Middle East and North Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Jason Warner is a PhD candidate in African studies and government at Harvard University. He has worked or consulted for the UN Development Programme, the Nigerian Mission to the United Nations, and the U.S. Army. He has published on African affairs in outlets including CNN, the Council on Foreign Relations, and UN Dispatch, as well as in various academic journals. He received master’s degrees in government from Harvard University and in African studies from Yale University. He served as a sub-Saharan Africa analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Eliza B. Young is the publications coordinator for Physicians for Human Rights. She previously served as a political analyst for the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit at the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in New York. Prior to joining the IRC, she worked as a research analyst at Freedom House. She holds a master’s degree in international relations from King’s College London and a bachelor’s degree in European history from Columbia University. She served as a Western Europe analyst for Freedom of the Press.
Ratings Review Advisers
Rosental Calmon Alves holds the Knight Chair in International Journalism and the UNESCO Chair in Communication in the School of Journalism at the University of Texas at Austin. He is also the founding director of the Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas. He began his academic career in the United States in 1996 after 27 years as a professional journalist, including seven years as a journalism professor in Brazil. He holds a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and was the first Brazilian to be awarded with a Nieman Fellowship to study at Harvard University. A board member of several national and international organizations, he has been a frequent speaker and trainer as well as a consultant. He served as an Americas adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Dan Caspi is a professor and former chair of the Department of Communications Studies, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (2004–09). He is the founding chair of the Israel Communication Association and has previously filled several public roles, including member of the Committee on Public Broadcasting of the Ministry of Science, Culture and Sports, and board member of the Israeli Broadcasting Authority. He has written, coauthored, and coedited several books, including Media and Ethnic Minorities in the Holy Land; Beyond the Mirror: The Media Map in Israel; and The Palestinian Arab In/Outsiders: Media and Conflict in Israel. Currently he publishes a weekly blog in Hebrew for Haaretz. He served as a Middle East and North Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
John Dinges is the Godfrey Lowell Cabot Professor of Journalism at Columbia University and a former correspondent in Latin America. He was awarded the Maria Moors Cabot gold medal in 1992. His books include The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents; Assassination on Embassy Row (with Saul Landau); and Our Man in Panama: The Shrewd Rise and Brutal Fall of Manuel Noriega. He was an assistant editor on the Washington Post’s foreign desk; served as deputy foreign editor, managing editor, and editorial director of NPR News; and was founder/director of the Centro de Investigación e Información Periodística (CIPER) in Chile. He served as an Americas adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Matt J. Duffy studies journalism in the Arab world with a focus on the government regulation of both traditional and digital media. His book on media laws of the United Arab Emirates will be published in early 2014. His other research has appeared in the Journal of Middle East Media, Middle East Media Educator, and the Journal of Mass Media Ethics. He teaches international communication law at Kennesaw State University and serves as a fellow with the Center for International Media Education at Georgia State University. He is also a member of the board of directors for the Arab-U.S. Association for Communication Educators. He served as a Middle East and North Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Ashley Esarey received his PhD in political science from Columbia University and held the An Wang Postdoctoral Fellowship at Harvard’s Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies. He teaches East Asian studies and political science at the University of Alberta and is an associate in research at the University of Alberta’s China Institute. His publications concern propaganda and information control in China and the impact of digital communication on Chinese politics. He is coeditor of The Internet in China and coauthor of My Fight for a New Taiwan: One Woman’s Journey from Prison to Power. He is currently working on a book comparing regime change (and the lack thereof) in China, Taiwan, Libya, and Tunisia. He served as an Asia-Pacific adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Howard W. French is an associate professor at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, where he has taught since 2008. He previously was a senior writer for the New York Times, where he spent most of his career as a foreign correspondent, including serving as chief of the Times’s Shanghai bureau and heading bureaus in Japan, West and Central Africa, Central America, and the Caribbean. His work for the newspaper in both Africa and China was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. He is the author of A Continent for the Taking: The Tragedy and Hope of Africa, which was named nonfiction book of the year by several newspapers. Disappearing Shanghai, French’s documentary photography of the last remnants of Shanghai’s historic neighborhoods, has been featured in numerous exhibitions and magazines, as well as a book. He served as a sub-Saharan Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Jeffrey Ghannam is an attorney and media professional who has contributed widely to the analysis and debate about the role of digital media leading up to and following the recent civil movements in the Arab world, including a two-part report for the National Endowment for Democracy’s Center for International Media Assistance. He has written separately on the subject for the Economist and the Washington Post. He received a Knight International Journalism Fellowship to Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon to develop programs in the region, where he has also served as a media development trainer and adviser. He spent a decade at the Detroit Free Press, where he reported on the law and served as an editor. He was on staff at the New York Times Washington bureau and contributed news and features. He served as a Middle East and North Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Peter Gross is director of the School of Journalism and Electronic Media at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. His scholarly specialization is in international communication, with a focus on Central and Eastern Europe. He was instrumental in establishing a new journalism program in 1992 at the University of Timisoara, Romania, and in the last 24 years served as a consultant for the International Media Fund, the Freedom Forum, and the Eurasia Foundation, and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, among other organizations. He is the author of Entangled Evolutions: Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe, as well as five other scholarly books and three textbooks, and is the coeditor of two books, including Media Transformations in the Post-Communist World: Eastern Europe’s Tortured Path to Change. He served as a Central and Eastern Europe/Eurasia adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Daniel C. Hallin is a professor of communication at the University of California, San Diego. His books include The “Uncensored War”: The Media and Vietnam; We Keep America on Top of the World: Television Journalism and the Public Sphere; and, with Paolo Mancini, Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics and Comparing Media Systems Beyond the Western World. He has also written on media and politics in Mexico and on media and political clientelism in Latin America. He served as an Americas adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Drew McDaniel is a professor and director of the School of Media Arts and Studies at Ohio University. He serves as honorary consultant at the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development. He has authored a number of books, including Electronic Tigers of Southeast Asia: The Politics of Media, Technology, and National Development and Broadcasting in the Malay World. He served as an Asia-Pacific adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Kavita Menon is a senior program officer at the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ). As CPJ Asia program coordinator from 1999 to 2003, she led research and advocacy missions to countries including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. She left CPJ to take up the Pew Fellowship in international reporting at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, and then worked as a researcher and campaigner on South Asia for Amnesty International before returning to CPJ in 2008. She has written for publications including the Boston Globe, the Los Angeles Times, the International Herald Tribune, and Ms. magazine. She has produced radio features for NPR’s All Things Considered, Monitor Radio, WNYC, and WBAI, and previously worked as assistant producer of NPR’s On the Media. She earned a master’s degree from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism. She served as an Asia-Pacific adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Devra C. Moehler is assistant professor at the Annenberg School of Communication, University of Pennsylvania. She holds a PhD in political science from the University of Michigan. Her research focuses on comparative political communication, democratization, partisan information sources, and political behavior, with a focus on Africa. She is the author of the book Distrusting Democrats: Outcomes of Participatory Constitution Making. Previously, she was an assistant professor of government at Cornell University and a fellow at the Harvard Academy of International and Area Studies. In addition, she served as a Democracy Fellow at the U.S. Agency for International Development, where she provided technical assistance in the design of experimental and quasi-experimental impact evaluations of democracy and governance assistance programs. She served as a sub-Saharan Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Robert Orttung is assistant director of the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs, president of the Resource Security Institute, and a visiting scholar at the Center for Security Studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. He is managing editor of Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization and a coeditor of the Russian Analytical Digest and the Caucasus Analytical Digest. He received a PhD in political science from the University of California, Los Angeles. He served as a Central and Eastern Europe/Eurasia adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Bettina Peters is director of development at the Thomson Foundation, a leader in international media support, journalism, and management training since 1962. Before joining the Thomson Foundation, she was the director of the Global Forum for Media Development (GFMD), a network of organizations involved in media assistance programs around the world. Until 2007, she worked as director of programs at the European Journalism Center (EJC), in charge of its international journalism training program. Previously, she worked for 11 years at the International Federation of Journalists headquarters in Brussels. She holds degrees in political science and journalism from the University of Hamburg, and has edited several publications on journalism, such as the GFMD’s Media Matters II and the EJC’s handbook on civic journalism. She served as a Western Europe adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Lawrence Pintak is the founding dean of the Edward R. Murrow College of Communication at Washington State University (WSU). An award-winning former CBS News Middle East correspondent, he is the author of The New Arab Journalist and several other books on America’s relationship with the Muslim world and the role of the media in shaping global perceptions and government policy. Prior to WSU, he served as director of the Kamal Adham Center for Journalism Training and Research at the American University in Cairo. His work regularly appears in outlets including the New York Times, ForeignPolicy.com, and CNN.com, and he is frequently interviewed by international media. Pintak holds a PhD in Islamic studies from the University of Wales. He served as a Middle East and North Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Richard Shafer is a professor of journalism at the University of North Dakota. His research focuses on the press and social change in developing nations, with a concentration in recent years on the development of the press in post-Soviet Central Asia and the Caucasus. His most recent book, coauthored with Eric Freedman, is After the Czars and Commissars: Journalism in Authoritarian Post-Soviet Central Asia. Other published work includes over 50 peer-reviewed journal articles. Since the late 1980s he has had seven international postings supported by several foundations and government agencies. He received his PhD from the University of Missouri, Columbia, in rural sociology with a minor in journalism. He served as a Central and Eastern Europe/Eurasia adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Wisdom J. Tettey is a professor and dean of the Faculty of Creative and Critical Studies at the University of British Columbia, Canada. His research expertise and interests are in the areas of mass media and politics in Africa; information and communications technologies (ICTs), civic engagement, and transnational citizenship; and the political economy of globalization and ICTs. Among his numerous publications are Media and Information Literacy, Informed Citizenship, and Democratic Development in Africa: A Handbook for Information/Media Producers and Users; The Public Sphere and the Politics of Survival: Voice, Sustainability, and Public Policy in Ghana; and African Media and the Digital Public Sphere. He has served as a consultant to various international organizations and recently coordinated a workshop for the African Capacity Building Foundation on “Information/Media Literacy, Informed Citizenship, and Africa’s Development Agenda.” He served as a sub-Saharan Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Tudor Vlad is associate director of the James M. Cox Jr. Center for International Mass Communication Training and Research at the University of Georgia. He holds a PhD from the Babes-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Bucharest. He has been a consultant for the New York Times, the Russian Journalists’ Union, and a Gallup World Poll senior research adviser. Hehas done research and written on media systems in emerging democracies, assessment of press freedom indicators, evaluation of international media assistance programs, and journalism and mass communication curriculums. He served as Central and Eastern Europe/Eurasia adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Peter VonDoepp is an associate professor of political science at the University of Vermont. His research focuses on African politics with specific attention to democratization issues. His most recent book, Judicial Politics in New Democracies: Cases from Southern Africa, examines judicial development in new Southern African democracies. His other published work appears in a variety of peer-reviewed journals and several edited volumes. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, Pew Charitable Trusts, and the Fulbright-Hays program. He received his PhD from the University of Florida. He served as a sub-Saharan Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
David Ndirangu Wachanga is a professor of journalism at the University of Wisconsin, Whitewater. He holds a PhD in information science from the University of North Texas. He has written on emerging technologies and message propagation, global information flow, and the use of communication technologies in restrictive information and economic environments. He has appeared on Voice of America (VOA) and the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) to discuss media, technology, diasporas, and globalization. He is conducting research on the emerging intersections of new media and human rights. He is the editor of New CommunicationTechnologies: Political, Ethnic, and Ideological Implications. His other works have appeared in popular press such as the Daily Nation, East African Standard, Business Daily, and North Texas Daily. He served as a sub-Saharan Africa adviser for Freedom of the Press.
Meredith L. Weiss is an associate professor of political science at the University at Albany, SUNY. She is the author of Student Activism in Malaysia: Crucible, Mirror, Sideshow and Protest and Possibilities: Civil Society and Coalitions for Political Change in Malaysia, as well as numerous articles and book chapters. Most recently she was coeditor of Global Homophobia: States, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression and Between Protest & Powerlessness: Understanding Student Activism in Asia. Her research focuses on issues of collective identity and mobilization, sociopolitical development, civil society, human rights, and electoral politics in Southeast Asia. She served as an Asia-Pacific adviser for Freedom of the Press.