Nations in Transit

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Nations in Transit 2015

Regime Types:

Consolidated Democracy
Semi-Consolidated Democracy
Transitional Government or Hybrid Regime
Semi-Consolidated Authoritarian Regime
Consolidated Authoritarian Regime

Democracy Scores:

The democracy scores and regime ratings are based on a scale of 1 to 7, with 1 representing the highest level of democratic progress and 7 the lowest. The 2015 ratings reflect the period January 1 through December 31, 2014.

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Key Findings

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Protesters and riot police, Kyiv, Ukraine, January 2014.
Photograph by Sasha Maksymenko.
  • Of the 29 countries assessed for 2014, 13 were rated as democracies, 6 as transitional regimes, and 10 as authoritarian regimes.
  • Russia earned its largest ratings decline in a decade in 2014, as the Kremlin stepped up suppression of dissent at home while seeking to destabilize the new government in Ukraine.
  • As in each of the previous 10 years, the average democracy score declined in 2014, with 12 countries suffering downgrades.
  • Following the collapse of Viktor Yanukovych’s corrupt presidency, and two rounds of well-administered, competitive elections, Ukraine received four ratings improvements for 2014.
  • Four out of seven countries registered declines in the Balkans, with journalists in a precarious situation and stalling judicial reforms.
  • Hungary, driving the decline in Central and Eastern Europe, was demoted from “consolidated democracy” to “semi-consolidated democracy.” The demotion came after seven straight years of score declines.

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