Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Editorial credit: Shawn Eastman Photography /


Brazil is a democracy that holds competitive elections. The political arena, though polarized, is characterized by vibrant public debate. However, independent journalists and civil society activists risk harassment and violent attack, political violence is high, and the government has struggled to address crime and disproportionate violence against and economic exclusion of minorities. Corruption is endemic at top levels, and governmental transparency has decreased, contributing to widespread disillusionment among the public. Societal discrimination and violence against LGBT+ people remain serious problems.

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Brazil Country Report

Brazil is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide. 


Freedom on the Net — Brazil Country Report

Brazil is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net,  Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.