People in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Editorial credit: Alexandra Tyukavina /

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The political system in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been paralyzed in recent years by the repeated postponement of elections, though highly problematic balloting was finally held at the end of 2018. Citizens are unable to freely exercise basic civil liberties, and corruption is endemic throughout the government. Physical security is tenuous due to violence and human rights abuses committed by government forces as well as armed rebel groups and militias that are active in many areas of the country.

An opposition demonstrator plays the violin during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas. Credit: FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images.

Freedom in the World — Democratic Republic of the Congo Country Report

Democratic Republic of the Congo is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.