People in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Editorial credit: saiko3p /


Following a peaceful revolution in 1990, Mongolia began holding multiparty elections and established itself as an electoral democracy. Political rights and civil liberties have been firmly institutionalized, though the two dominant parties continue to rely on patronage networks, and widespread corruption hampers further development.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Mongolia Country Report

Mongolia is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.