People in Vilankulo, Mozambique. Editorial credit: nooaonphoto /


The ruling party’s unbroken incumbency before, and since the introduction of multiparty elections in 1994 has allowed it to establish significant control over state institutions. The opposition has disputed the results of recent elections, and its armed wing fought a low-level conflict against government forces that persisted until a truce was signed in December 2016. Mozambique also struggles with corruption, and journalists who report on it and other sensitive issues risk violent attacks.

An opposition demonstrator plays the violin during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas. Credit: FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images.

Freedom in the World — Mozambique Country Report

Mozambique is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.