People in Dongou, Republic of Congo. Editorial credit: Alexandra Tyukavina /

Republic of the Congo

President Denis Sassou Nguesso has maintained power for more than three decades by severely repressing the opposition. Corruption and decades of political instability have contributed to poor economic performance and high levels of poverty. Abuses by security forces are frequently reported and rarely investigated. While a variety of media operate, independent coverage is limited by widespread self-censorship and the influence of owners. Human rights and governance-related nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) scrutinize state abuses, but also self-censor to avoid reprisals. Religious freedom is generally respected.

FIW Hong Kong hero photo

Freedom in the World — Republic of the Congo Country Report

Republic of the Congo is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.