People in Dongou, Republic of Congo. Editorial credit: Alexandra Tyukavina /

Republic of the Congo

President Denis Sassou Nguesso has maintained nearly uninterrupted power for over 40 years by severely repressing the opposition. Corruption and decades of political instability have contributed to poor economic performance and high levels of poverty. Abuses by security forces are frequently reported and rarely investigated. While a variety of media operate, independent coverage is limited by widespread self-censorship and the influence of owners. Human rights– and governance-related nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) scrutinize state abuses, but also self-censor to avoid reprisals. Religious figures are also known to self-censor.

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Republic of the Congo Country Report

Republic of the Congo is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.