Person in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Editorial credit: Gray Kotze /


Tanzania has held regular multiparty elections since its transition from a one-party state in the early 1990s, but the opposition remains relatively weak. The ruling Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) has retained power for over 60 years. Since the election of late president John Magufuli in 2015, the government has cracked down with growing severity on its critics in the political opposition, the press, and civil society. Samia Suluhu Hassan, Magufuli’s vice president, became the country’s first ever female chief executive after Magufuli died in 2021.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Tanzania Country Report

Tanzania is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

Our Work in Tanzania

Freedom House’s Data Driven Advocacy program works to build the ability of Tanzanian civil society to advocate for, and influence policy on, key national-level human rights issues using better data and information to drive results. The program does this by strengthening platforms of collaboration among CSOs for evidence-based human rights advocacy; building civil society’s ability to collect, generate, monitor, and report independent and reliable information concerning human rights abuses; and supporting civil society responses to urgent and unanticipated human rights needs.

To learn more about our work in the region, visit our Sub-Saharan Africa programs page.