People in Baucau, Timor Leste. Editorial credit: Juan Alberto Casado /


Timor-Leste has held competitive elections and undergone peaceful transfers of power, but its democratic institutions remain fragile, and disputes among the major personalities from the independence struggle dominate political affairs. Judicial independence and due process are undermined by serious capacity deficits and political influence.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Timor-Leste Country Report

Timor-Leste is rated Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.