People in Mpulungu, Zambia.  Editorial credit: Robin Nieuwenkamp /


Zambia’s political system features regular multiparty elections, and some civil liberties are respected. However, opposition parties face onerous legal and practical obstacles to fair competition, and the government regularly invokes restrictive laws to narrow political space. In 2021, Zambia experienced its third democratic transfer of power when the opposition United Party for National Development (UPND) won presidential and legislative elections.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Zambia Country Report

Zambia is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.


Freedom on the Net— Zambia Country Report

Zambia is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.