People in Mpulungu, Zambia.  Editorial credit: Robin Nieuwenkamp /


Zambia’s political system features regular multiparty elections, and some civil liberties are respected. However, opposition parties face onerous legal and practical obstacles to fair competition, and the government regularly invokes restrictive laws to narrow political space. In 2021, Zambia experienced its third democratic transfer of power when the opposition United Party for National Development (UPND) won presidential and legislative elections.

Freedom on the Net 2023

Freedom on the Net — Zambia Country Report

Zambia is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

Iranian people in Izmir protest the death of Mahsa Amini by the morality police in Iran.

Freedom in the World — Zambia Country Report

Zambia is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.