Nations in Transit | Freedom House

About Nations in Transit


Nations in Transit is Freedom House’s research project on democracy in the 29 formerly communist countries from Central Europe to Central Asia. The flagship of the project is an annual survey of democratic reform that has been published since 1995, and with the same methodology since 2003. Nations in Transit also publishes briefs on topics relevant to democratic reform in the region.

Nations in Transit Report Editions

Nations In Transit Briefs >

Far-right extremism represents a threat to the democratic development of Ukrainian society. The brief provides an overview of the activities and influence of the far right, differentiating between groups that express radical ideas but by and large operate within a democratic framework and extremist groups, which resort to violence to influence society.

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Ультраправий екстремізм несе загрозу демократичному розвитку українського суспільства. У цьому тексті викладений огляд діяльності та впливу ультраправих, зважаючи на різницю між групами, що висловлюють радикальні ідеї, проте більшою чи меншою мірою діють в рамках демократичної системи, та екстремістськими групами, які вдаються до насильства для впливу на суспільство

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The Nations in Transit annual report researchers score the countries on a scale of 1 to 7 in seven categories: National Democratic Governance, Local Democratic Governance, Electoral Process, Independent Media, Civil Society, Judicial Framework and Independence, and Corruption. Category scores are based on a detailed list of questions available here. These category scores are straight-averaged to create a country’s “Democracy Score” on a scale of 1 to 7, with 1 being the most democratic, and 7 the least.


Freedom House contracts independent researchers from academia, journalism, and civil society for each country to draft the country reports and make the initial scoring. These draft country reports and score proposals are sent to between three and six reviewers per country per year for comments. After researchers have a chance to respond to the comments, Nations in Transit and its advisors meet to finalize scores for each country. Where possible, scores reflect the consensus of researchers, reviewers, advisors, and Freedom House, but Freedom House has the final vote on all score changes.


The annual report is funded through a grant from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

Read the Methodology here.