People in Pira, Benin. Editorial credit: Anton_Ivanov / Shutterstock.com

Benin

Benin had been among the most stable democracies in sub-Saharan Africa, but President Patrice Talon began using the justice system to attack his political opponents after taking office in 2016, and new electoral rules effectively excluded all opposition parties from the 2019 parliamentary elections. Protests surrounding those elections were met with harsh restrictions on civil liberties, including an internet shutdown and deadly police violence against demonstrators.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Benin Country Report

Benin is rated Partly Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.