People in Muan, Botswana. Editorial credit: Stefano Barzellotti /


While it is considered one of the most stable democracies in Africa, Botswana has been dominated by a single party since independence. Media freedom remains under threat. The indigenous San people, as well as migrants, refugees, and LGBT+ people, face discrimination.

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Botswana Country Report

Botswana is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.