People in Gitaza, Burundi. Editorial credit: Rostasedlacek /


Burundi has been in political and economic crisis since 2015. Democratic gains made after the 12-year civil war ended in 2005 have been undone by a shift toward authoritarian politics and violent repression against anyone perceived to oppose the ruling party, the National Council for the Defense of Democracy–Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD).

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Burundi Country Report

Burundi is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.