People in the Sahara Desert, Chad. Editorial credit: Torsten Pursche / Shutterstock.com

Chad

Chad has held regular presidential elections since 1996, but no election has ever produced a change in power. Legislative elections are routinely delayed, and have not been held since 2011. Opposition activists risk arrest and severe mistreatment while in detention. The state faces multiple insurgencies led by militants in the north and around Lake Chad.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Chad Country Report

Chad is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.