People in the Sahara Desert, Chad. Editorial credit: Torsten Pursche /


Chad has held regular presidential elections since 1996, but no election has ever produced a change in power. Legislative elections are routinely delayed, and have not been held since 2011. Opposition activists risk arrest and severe mistreatment while in detention. The state faces multiple insurgencies led by militants in the north and around Lake Chad.

An opposition demonstrator plays the violin during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas. Credit: FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images.

Freedom in the World — Chad Country Report

Chad is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.