Cartagena, Colombia. Editorial credit: sunsinger /


Colombia is among the longest-standing democracies in Latin America, but one with a history of widespread violence and serious human rights abuses. Public institutions have demonstrated the capacity to check executive power, and the country’s main left-wing guerrilla group signed a peace accord in 2016. Nonetheless, Colombia faces enormous challenges in consolidating peace and guaranteeing political rights and civil liberties outside of major urban areas. In June 2022, opposition candidate and former left-wing guerrilla member Gustavo Petro was elected to the presidency and formed a government comprised of a broad left-wing coalition, becoming Colombia’s first leftist government since the reestablishment of competitive democracy.

Freedom on the Net 2023

Freedom on the Net — Colombia Country Report

Colombia is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Colombia Country Report

Colombia is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.