Indigenous group in a demonstration on a village street. Colta, Chimborazo, Ecuador. 10 February 2019. Editorial credit:  Alejo Miranda /


Elections take place regularly, and some key state institutions have recently displayed greater independence. Freedoms for media and civil society expanded under former president Lenín Moreno, the chosen successor of leftist Rafael Correa. The 2021 elections marked the first time in 14 years that neither Correa nor his preferred candidate won the presidency. Ongoing challenges include official corruption, due process violations, and violence in prisons and during protests.

Freedom on the Net 2023

Freedom on the Net — Ecuador Country Report

Ecuador is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe. 

Freedom in the World 2023

Freedom in the World — Ecuador Country Report

Ecuador is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2023, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.