Indigenous group in a demonstration on a village street. Colta, Chimborazo, Ecuador. 10 February 2019. Editorial credit:  Alejo Miranda /


Elections take place regularly, and some key state institutions have recently displayed greater independence. Freedoms for media and civil society expanded under former president Lenín Moreno, the chosen successor of leftist Rafael Correa. The 2021 elections marked the first time that neither Correa nor his preferred candidate won the presidency in 14 years. Ongoing challenges include official corruption, due process violations, and violence in prisons and during protests.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Ecuador Country Report

Due to a lack of the usual abuses surrounding elections and a resulting orderly transfer of power, Ecuador's rating moved from Partly Free to Free in Freedom in the World 2022. 


Freedom on the Net — Ecuador Country Report

Ecuador is rated Partly Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.