Bata, Equatorial Guinea. Editorial credit: alarico / Shutterstock.com

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea holds regular elections, but the voting is neither free nor fair. The current president, who took power in a military coup that deposed his uncle, has led a highly repressive authoritarian regime since 1979. Oil wealth and political power are concentrated in the hands of the president’s family. The government frequently detains the few opposition politicians in the country, cracks down on civil society groups, and censors journalists. The judiciary is under presidential control, and security forces engage in torture and other violence with impunity.

People gather in Myanmar to protest the February 1, 2021 military coup. (Image credit: Stringer/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)

Freedom in the World — Equatorial Guinea Country Report

Equatorial Guinea is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.