A major terrorist attack by Hamas on Israeli territory in October 2023 triggered a massive Israeli military response in Gaza, resulting in thousands of deaths, the internal displacement of nearly the entire civilian population, an escalating humanitarian crisis, and an unprecedented level of damage to physical infrastructure.

Bernardo Arevalo supporters cheer after their presidential victory in Guatemala.

Freedom in the World — Gaza Strip Territory Report

The Gaza Strip is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World 2024, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

* Indicates a territory as opposed to an independent country.