People in Taldykorgan, Kazakhstan. Editorial credit: AlexelA / Shutterstock.com

Kazakhstan

President Nursultan Nazarbayev has ruled Kazakhstan since 1991. Parliamentary and presidential elections are neither free nor fair, and all major parties exhibit political loyalty to the president. The authorities have consistently marginalized or imprisoned genuine opposition figures. The dominant media outlets are either in state hands or owned by government-friendly businessmen. Freedoms of speech and assembly remain restricted, and corruption is endemic.

FIW 2021 crop 2 cover photo

Freedom in the World — Kazakhstan Country Report

Kazakhstan is rated Not Free in Freedom in the World, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

In the high-stakes battle between states and technology companies, the rights of internet users have become the main casualties. Illustration by Mitch Blunt

Freedom on the Net— Kazakhstan Country Report

Kazakhstan is rated Not Free in Freedom on the Net, Freedom House's comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe.

Ukraine photograph photo auction by anastasiia lukavska

Nations in Transit — Kazakhstan Country Report

Categorized as a Consolidated Authoritarian regime, Kazakhstan receives a Democracy Percentage of 5 out of 100 in the Nations in Transit 2021 report.